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Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe

Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe (izvirno angleško Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society) je najvišja znanstvena nagrada, ki jo podeljuje Kraljeva astronomska družba (RAS) iz Londona.

Zlata medalja Kraljeve astronomske družbe
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society
Asaph Hall Gold Medal.jpg
Zlata medalja podeljena Asaphu Hallu leta 1879
Podeljeno za dosežke na področju geofizike, solarne fizike, solarno-zemeljske fizike, planetarne znanosti, astronomije, kozmologije, fizike vesoljskih delcev in kozmokemije
Podeljuje Kraljeva astronomska družba
Država Zastava Velike Britanije Združeno kraljestvo
Prvič podeljeno 1824
Zadnjič podeljeno 2017
Uradna spletna stran

Vsebina

ZgodovinaUredi

V začetku so podeljevali več kot eno medaljo na leto. Od leta 1833 podeljujejo le eno medaljo na leto. To je pri odkritju planeta Neptun leta 1846 povzročilo težave, ker so mnogi menili, da bi morali medaljo podeliti Adamsu in Le Verrieru. Tako leta 1847 niso podelili nobene medalje.

PrejemnikiUredi

Medaljo so dvakrat prejeli: Airy, Baily, Bessel, Encke, Hansen, John Herschel, Huggins, Le Verrier, Pickering.

leto slika astronomija geofizika opombe sklici
2017   Kaiser, NickNick Kaiser [1]
  Dougherty, MicheleMichele Dougherty
2016   Barrow, John DavidJohn David Barrow [2]
  England, PhilipPhilip England
2015   Mayor, MichelMichel Mayor [3]
  Lockwood, MichaelMichael Lockwood
2014   Frenk, CarlosCarlos Frenk [4][5]
  Zarnecki, JohnJohn Zarnecki
2013   Blandford, Roger DavidRoger David Blandford [4][6]
  Chapman, ChrisChris Chapman
2012   Fabian, AndrewAndrew Fabian [4][7]
  Brown, John CampbellJohn Campbell Brown
2011   Ellis, Richard SalisburyRichard Salisbury Ellis [4][8]
  Grün, EberhardEberhard Grün
2010   Gough, DouglasDouglas Gough [4][9]
  Woodhouse, JohnJohn Woodhouse
2009   Williams, David A.David A. Williams [4][10]
  Priest, EricEric Priest
2008   Silk, JosephJoseph Silk [4]
  Kennett, BrianBrian Kennett
2007   Culhane, LeonardLeonard Culhane [4]
  Weiss, Nigel OscarNigel Oscar Weiss
2006   White, Simon David MantonSimon David Manton White [4]
  Cowley, StanStan Cowley
2005   Burbidge, Eleanor Margaret PeacheyEleanor Margaret Peachey Burbidge [a] [4]
  Burbidge, Geoffrey RonaldGeoffrey Ronald Burbidge
  Jordan, CaroleCarole Jordan
2004   Ostriker, Jeremiah PaulJeremiah Paul Ostriker [4]
  Turner, GrenvilleGrenville Turner
2003   Bahcall, John NorrisJohn Norris Bahcall [4]
  Gubbins, DavidDavid Gubbins
2002   Mestel, LeonLeon Mestel [4]
  Jacobs, John ArthurJohn Arthur Jacobs
2001   Bondi, HermannHermann Bondi [4]
  Rishbeth, HenryHenry Rishbeth
2000   Lucy, LeonLeon Lucy [4][11]
  Hutchison, RobertRobert Hutchison
1999   Paczyński, BohdanBohdan Paczyński [4]
  Budden, KennethKenneth Budden
1998   Peebles, Philip James EdwinPhilip James Edwin Peebles [4]
  Parker, Robert LadislavRobert Ladislav Parker
1997   Osterbrock, Donald EdwardDonald Edward Osterbrock [4]
  Farley, DonaldDonald Farley
1996   Rubin, Vera CooperVera Cooper Rubin [b] [4]
  Creer, KennethKenneth Creer
1995   Sjunjajev, Rašid AlijevičRašid Alijevič Sjunjajev [4]
  Houghton, John TheodoreJohn Theodore Houghton
1994   Gunn, James EdwardJames Edward Gunn [4]
  Kaiser, Thomas R.Thomas R. Kaiser
1993   Lynden-Bell, DonaldDonald Lynden-Bell [4]
  Goldreich, PeterPeter Goldreich
1992   Parker, Eugene NewmanEugene Newman Parker [4]
  McKenzie, Dan PeterDan Peter McKenzie
1991   Ginzburg, Vitalij LazarevičVitalij Lazarevič Ginzburg [4]
  Wasserburg, Gerald JosephGerald Joseph Wasserburg
1990   Pagel, Bernard Ephraim JuliusBernard Ephraim Julius Pagel [4]
  Dungey, James W.James W. Dungey
1989   Pounds, Kenneth AlwyneKenneth Alwyne Pounds [4]
  Hide, RaymondRaymond Hide
1988   Jager, Cornelis deCornelis de Jager [4]
  Anderson, Don LynnDon Lynn Anderson
1987   Rees, Martin JohnMartin John Rees [4]
  Nagata, TakešiTakeši Nagata
1986   Dalgarno, AlexanderAlexander Dalgarno [4]
  Backus, George EdwardGeorge Edward Backus
1985   Hawking, StephenStephen Hawking [4]
  Gold, ThomasThomas Gold
1984   Zeldovič, Jakov BorisovičJakov Borisovič Zeldovič [4]
  Runcorn, Stanley KeithStanley Keith Runcorn
1983   Seaton, Michael JohnMichael John Seaton [4]
  Whipple, Fred LawrenceFred Lawrence Whipple
1982   Giacconi, RiccardoRiccardo Giacconi [4]
  Massey, Harrie Stewart WilsonHarrie Stewart Wilson Massey
1981   Lovell, BernardBernard Lovell [4]
  Gilbert, James FreemanJames Freeman Gilbert
1980   Schmidt, MaartenMaarten Schmidt [4]
  Pekeris, Chaim LeibChaim Leib Pekeris
1979   Wynne, Charles GorrieCharles Gorrie Wynne [4]
  Knopoff, LeonLeon Knopoff
1978   Spitzer, Lyman StrongLyman Strong Spitzer [4]
  Van Allen, JamesJames Van Allen
1977   Bolton, John GatenbyJohn Gatenby Bolton [4]
  Bates, David RobertDavid Robert Bates
1976   McCrea, William HunterWilliam Hunter McCrea [4]
  Ratcliffe, John AshworthJohn Ashworth Ratcliffe
1975   Greenstein, Jesse LeonardJesse Leonard Greenstein [4]
  Öpik, Ernst JuliusErnst Julius Öpik
1974   Biermann, Ludwig Franz BenedictLudwig Franz Benedict Biermann [4]
  Bullen, Keith EdwardKeith Edward Bullen
1973   Salpeter, Edwin ErnestEdwin Ernest Salpeter [4]
  Birch, Alfred FrancisAlfred Francis Birch
1972 Zwicky, FritzFritz Zwicky [4]
  Thirlaway, HalHal Thirlaway
1971   Riet Woolley, Richard van derRichard van der Riet Woolley [4]
  Press, FrankFrank Press
1970   Babcock, Horace WelcomeHorace Welcome Babcock [4]
1969 Schwarzschild, MartinMartin Schwarzschild [4]
  Price, Albert ThomasAlbert Thomas Price
1968   Hoyle, FredFred Hoyle [4]
  Munk, Walter HeinrichWalter Heinrich Munk
1967   Sandage, Allan RexAllan Rex Sandage [4]
  Alfvén, Hannes Olof GöstaHannes Olof Gösta Alfvén
1966   Bowen, Ira SpragueIra Sprague Bowen [4]
  Urey, Harold ClaytonHarold Clayton Urey
1965   Clemence, Gerald MauriceGerald Maurice Clemence [4]
  Bullard, Edward CrispEdward Crisp Bullard
1964   Ryle, MartinMartin Ryle [4]
  Ewing, MauriceMaurice Ewing
1963   Plaskett, Harry HemleyHarry Hemley Plaskett [4]
1962   Strömgren, BengtBengt Strömgren [4]
1961   Zanstra, HermanHerman Zanstra [4]
1960   Ambarcumjan, Viktor AmazaspovičViktor Amazaspovič Ambarcumjan [4]
1959   Lyttleton, Raymond ArthurRaymond Arthur Lyttleton [4]
1958   Danjon, André-LouisAndré-Louis Danjon [4]
1957   Unsöld, Albrecht Otto JohannesAlbrecht Otto Johannes Unsöld [4]
1956   Cowling, Thomas GeorgeThomas George Cowling [4]
1955   Brouwer, DirkDirk Brouwer [4]
1954   Baade, WalterWalter Baade [4]
1953   Chandrasekhar, SubrahmanyanSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar [4]
1952   Jackson, JohnJohn Jackson [4]
1951   Pannekoek, AntonieAntonie Pannekoek [4]
1950   Stebbins, JoelJoel Stebbins [4]
1949   Chapman, SydneySydney Chapman [4]
1948   Lindblad, BertilBertil Lindblad [4]
1947   Minnaert, Marcel Gilles JozefMarcel Gilles Jozef Minnaert [4]
1946   Oort, Jan HendrikJan Hendrik Oort [4]
1945   Edlén, BengtBengt Edlén [4]
1944   Struve, OttoOtto Struve [4]
1943   Spencer Jones, HaroldHarold Spencer Jones [4]
1942 ni bila podeljena
1941 ni bila podeljena
1940   Hubble, Edwin PowellEdwin Powell Hubble [4]
1939   Lyot, Bernard FerdinandBernard Ferdinand Lyot [4]
1938   Wright, William HammondWilliam Hammond Wright [4]
1937   Jeffreys, HaroldHarold Jeffreys [4]
1936   Kimura, HisašiHisaši Kimura [4]
1935   Milne, Edward ArthurEdward Arthur Milne [4]
1934   Shapley, HarlowHarlow Shapley [4]
1933   Slipher, Vesto MelvinVesto Melvin Slipher [4]
1932   Aitken, Robert GrantRobert Grant Aitken [4]
1931   Sitter, Willem deWillem de Sitter [4]
1930   Plaskett, John StanleyJohn Stanley Plaskett [4]
1929   Hertzsprung, EjnarEjnar Hertzsprung [4]
1928 Sampson, Ralph AllenRalph Allen Sampson [4]
1927   Schlesinger, FrankFrank Schlesinger [4]
1926   Einstein, AlbertAlbert Einstein [4]
1925   Dyson, Frank WatsonFrank Watson Dyson [4]
1924   Eddington, Arthur StanleyArthur Stanley Eddington [4]
1923   Michelson, Albert AbrahamAlbert Abraham Michelson [4]
1922   Jeans, James HopwoodJames Hopwood Jeans [4]
1921   Russell, Henry NorrisHenry Norris Russell [4]
1920 ni bila podeljena
1919   Bigourdan, Camille GuillaumeCamille Guillaume Bigourdan [4]
1918   Evershed, JohnJohn Evershed [4]
1917   Adams, Walter SydneyWalter Sydney Adams [4]
1916   Dreyer, JohnJohn Dreyer [4]
1915   Fowler, AlfredAlfred Fowler [4]
1914   Wolf, Max Franz Joseph CorneliusMax Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf [4]
1913   Deslandres, Henri-AlexandreHenri-Alexandre Deslandres [4]
1912   Hinks, Arthur RobertArthur Robert Hinks [4]
1911   Cowell, Philip HerbertPhilip Herbert Cowell [4]
1910   Küstner, Karl FriedrichKarl Friedrich Küstner [4]
1909   Backlund, Johan OskarJohan Oskar Backlund [4]
1908   Gill, DavidDavid Gill [4]
1907   Brown, Ernest WilliamErnest William Brown [4]
1906   Campbell, William WallaceWilliam Wallace Campbell [4]
1905   Boss, LewisLewis Boss [4]
1904   Hale, George ElleryGeorge Ellery Hale [4]
1903 75px Struve, Karl HermannKarl Hermann Struve [4]
1902   Kapteyn, Jacobus CorneliusJacobus Cornelius Kapteyn [4]
1901   Pickering, Edward CharlesEdward Charles Pickering [4]
1900   Poincaré, HenriHenri Poincaré [4]
1899   McClean, FrankFrank McClean [4]
1898   Denning, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Denning [4]
1897   Barnard, Edward EmersonEdward Emerson Barnard [4]
1896   Chandler, Seth CarloSeth Carlo Chandler [4]
1895   Roberts, IsaacIsaac Roberts [4]
1894   Burnham, Sherburne WesleySherburne Wesley Burnham [4]
1893   Vogel, Hermann CarlHermann Carl Vogel [4]
1892   Darwin, George HowardGeorge Howard Darwin [4]
1891 ni bila podeljena
1890 ni bila podeljena
1889   Loewy, MauriceMaurice Loewy [4]
1888   Auwers, Arthur Georg Friedrich Julius vonArthur Georg Friedrich Julius von Auwers [4]
1887   Hill, George WilliamGeorge William Hill [4]
1886   Pickering, Edward CharlesEdward Charles Pickering [4]
  Pritchard, CharlesCharles Pritchard
1885   Huggins, WilliamWilliam Huggins [4]
1884   Common, Andrew AinslieAndrew Ainslie Common [4]
1883   Gould, Benjamin ApthorpBenjamin Apthorp Gould [4]
1882   Gill, DavidDavid Gill [4]
1881   Möller, AxelAxel Möller [4]
1880 ni bila podeljena
1879   Hall, AsaphAsaph Hall [4]
1878   Dembowski, ErcoleErcole Dembowski [4]
1877 ni bila podeljena
1876   Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean JosephUrbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier [4]
1875   d'Arrest, Heinrich LouisHeinrich Louis d'Arrest [4]
1874   Newcomb, SimonSimon Newcomb [4]
1873 ni bila podeljena
1872   Schiaparelli, Giovanni VirginioGiovanni Virginio Schiaparelli [4]
1871 ni bila podeljena
1870   Delaunay, Charles-EugèneCharles-Eugène Delaunay [4]
1869   Stone, Edward JamesEdward James Stone [4]
1868   Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean JosephUrbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier [4]
1867   Huggins, WilliamWilliam Huggins [4]
  Miller, William AllenWilliam Allen Miller
1866   Adams, John CouchJohn Couch Adams [4]
1865   Bond, George PhillipsGeorge Phillips Bond [4]
1864 ni bila podeljena
1863   Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm AugustFriedrich Wilhelm August Argelander [4]
1862   de la Rue, WarrenWarren de la Rue [4]
1861   Goldschmidt, Hermann Mayer SalomonHermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt [4]
1860   Hansen, Peter AndreasPeter Andreas Hansen [4]
1859   Carrington, Richard ChristopherRichard Christopher Carrington [4]
1858   Main, RobertRobert Main [4]
1857   Schwabe, HeinrichHeinrich Schwabe [4]
1856   Grant, RobertRobert Grant [4]
1855   Dawes, William RutterWilliam Rutter Dawes [4]
1854   Rümker, Karl Ludwig ChristianKarl Ludwig Christian Rümker [4]
1853   Hind, John RussellJohn Russell Hind [4]
1852   Peters, Christian August FriedrichChristian August Friedrich Peters [4]
1851   Gasparis, Annibale deAnnibale de Gasparis [4]
1850 75px Struve, Otto VasiljevičOtto Vasiljevič Struve [4]
1849   Lassell, WilliamWilliam Lassell [4]
1848 ni bila podeljena, nadomestila jo je častna medalja [c] [4]
1847 ni bila podeljena
1846   Airy, George BiddellGeorge Biddell Airy [4]
1845   Smyth, William HenryWilliam Henry Smyth [4]
1844 ni bila podeljena
1843   Baily, FrancisFrancis Baily [4]
1842   Hansen, Peter AndreasPeter Andreas Hansen [4]
1841   Bessel, Friedrich WilhelmFriedrich Wilhelm Bessel [4]
1840   Plana, Giovanni Antonio AmedeoGiovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana [4]
1839   Wrottesley, JohnJohn Wrottesley [4]
1838 ni bila podeljena
1837   Rosenberger, Otto AugustOtto August Rosenberger [4]
1836   Herschel, John Frederick WilliamJohn Frederick William Herschel [4]
1835   Johnson, Manuel JohnManuel John Johnson [4]
1834 ni bila podeljena
1833   Airy, George BiddellGeorge Biddell Airy [4]
1832 ni bila podeljena
1831   Damoiseau, Marie-CharlesMarie-Charles Damoiseau [4]
  Kater, HenryHenry Kater
1830   Encke, Johann FranzJohann Franz Encke [4]
  Richardson, WilliamWilliam Richardson
1829   Bessel, Friedrich WilhelmFriedrich Wilhelm Bessel [4]
  Pearson, WilliamWilliam Pearson
  Schumacher, Heinrich ChristianHeinrich Christian Schumacher
1828   Brisbane, Thomas MakdougallThomas Makdougall Brisbane [4]
  Dunlop, JamesJames Dunlop
  Herschel, CarolineCaroline Herschel [b]
1827   Baily, FrancisFrancis Baily [d] [4]
1826   Herschel, John Frederick WilliamJohn Frederick William Herschel [4]
  South, JamesJames South
  Struve, Friedrich Georg WilhelmFriedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve
1825 ni bila podeljena
1824   Babbage, CharlesCharles Babbage [e] [4]
  Encke, Johann FranzJohann Franz Encke


Občasne nagradeUredi

OpombeUredi

  1. Margaret in Geoffrey Burbidge sta skupaj prejela nagrado prvič po letu 1886.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Prva ženska, ki je prejela zlato medaljo, je bila Caroline Herschel leta 1828. Naslednja je bila Vera Cooper Rubin leta 1996.
  3. Nadomestila jo je častna medalja. Prejeli so jo: John Couch Adams, George Biddell Airy, Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, George Bishop, George Everest, Peter Andreas Hansen, Karl Ludwig Hencke, John Frederick William Herschel, John Russell Hind, Urbain-Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John William Lubbock in Maxmilian Weisse
  4. Srebrna medalja: Mark Beaufoy, William Samuel Stratford
  5. Srebrna medalja: Jean-Louis Pons, Charles Rümker

SkliciUredi

  1. "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2017-01-11. Pridobljeno dne 2017-01-17. 
  2. "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicist" (angleščina). RAS. 2015-01-08. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  3. "Winners of the 2015 awards, medals and prizes - full details" (angleščina). 2015-01-09. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  4. 4,000 4,001 4,002 4,003 4,004 4,005 4,006 4,007 4,008 4,009 4,010 4,011 4,012 4,013 4,014 4,015 4,016 4,017 4,018 4,019 4,020 4,021 4,022 4,023 4,024 4,025 4,026 4,027 4,028 4,029 4,030 4,031 4,032 4,033 4,034 4,035 4,036 4,037 4,038 4,039 4,040 4,041 4,042 4,043 4,044 4,045 4,046 4,047 4,048 4,049 4,050 4,051 4,052 4,053 4,054 4,055 4,056 4,057 4,058 4,059 4,060 4,061 4,062 4,063 4,064 4,065 4,066 4,067 4,068 4,069 4,070 4,071 4,072 4,073 4,074 4,075 4,076 4,077 4,078 4,079 4,080 4,081 4,082 4,083 4,084 4,085 4,086 4,087 4,088 4,089 4,090 4,091 4,092 4,093 4,094 4,095 4,096 4,097 4,098 4,099 4,100 4,101 4,102 4,103 4,104 4,105 4,106 4,107 4,108 4,109 4,110 4,111 4,112 4,113 4,114 4,115 4,116 4,117 4,118 4,119 4,120 4,121 4,122 4,123 4,124 4,125 4,126 4,127 4,128 4,129 4,130 4,131 4,132 4,133 4,134 4,135 4,136 4,137 4,138 4,139 4,140 4,141 4,142 4,143 4,144 4,145 4,146 4,147 4,148 4,149 4,150 4,151 4,152 4,153 4,154 4,155 4,156 4,157 4,158 4,159 4,160 4,161 4,162 4,163 4,164 4,165 4,166 4,167 4,168 4,169 4,170 4,171 4,172 4,173 4,174 "Gold Medal Winners" (PDF) (angleščina). RAS. 2014. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
    "Winners of the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society". RAS. 2012. Pridobljeno dne 2015-01-09. 
  5. "2014 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes" (angleščina). RAS. 2014-01-10. Pridobljeno dne 2014-01-21. 
  6. "2013 winners of the RAS awards, medals and prizes" (angleščina). RAS. 2013-01-10. Pridobljeno dne 2013-01-12. 
  7. "RAS honours leading astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2012-12-05. Pridobljeno dne 2012-02-17. 
  8. "RAS honours outstanding astronomers and geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. 2011-01-19. Pridobljeno dne 2013-01-10. 
  9. "RAS Honours Outstanding Astronomers and Geophysicists" (angleščina). RAS. Pridobljeno dne 2011-03-25. 
  10. "RAS meeting and Community Forum - JENAM 2009" (angleščina). Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 2009-02-17. Pridobljeno dne 2009-04-23. 
  11. "News: Appointments and awards". Astronomy & Geophysics 41 (4): 7. 2000. Bibcode:2000A&G....41d...7.. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2000.00404-9.x. 

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