English Electric Canberra

English Electric Canberra je britanski dvomotorni reaktivni bombnik, ki so ga razvili v 1940ih in je bil tako eden izmed prvih reaktivnih bombnikov. Predstavljal je velik napredek od propelerskih (batno gnanih) bombnikov. Zaradi velike višine leta (rekord je bil 21430 m) ga je bilo izredno težko prestreči z lovci tistega časa. Uporabljal se je tudi kot izvidnik in letalo za elektronsko bojevanje. Dalo se ga je oborožiti tudi z jedrskim orožjem. Zgradili so slabih tisoč letal, ki jih je uporabljalo več kot 15 držav. RAF je svoje zadnje letalo upokojila leta 2006, po več kot 50 letih uporabe.

Canberra
Canberra T.4 WJ874, leta 2005
Vloga bombnik
Proizvajalec/-ci English Electric
Krstni polet 13. maj 1949
Predstavljen 25. maj 1951
Upokojen 23. junij 2006 (RAF)
Glavni uporabniki Kraljeve letalske sile (RAF)
Indijske letalske sile
Perujske letalske sile
Avstralske letalske sile
Število izdelanih 900 (Britanija)
49(Avstralija)
Različice Martin B-57 Canberra
Canberra PR9 XH135

Specifikacije(Canberra B(I)6)Uredi

Podatki iz Combat Aircraft Recognition; March, P. R. Combat Aircraft Recognition. London: Ian Allan Ltd, 1988. ISBN 0-7110-1730-1.

Splošne karakteristike

Zmogljivost

Oborožitev

  • Strelno orožje: 4x avtomatski top 20 mm Hispano Mk.V, vsak s po 500 naboji ali 2x 0,30 in (7,62 mm) strojnici
  • Rakete: 2x izstreljevalca raket, vsak s 37x 51 mm raketami, ali 2x izstreljevalca raket Matra, vsak s 18x SNEB 68 mm raketami
  • Izstrelki: Širok izbor vodljivih raket
  • Bombe: Do 3628 kg bobmnega tovora v notranjem prostoru in na dveh podkrilnih nosilcih. Možna tudi obrožitev z jedrskim orožjem

Glej tudiUredi

SkliciUredi

BibliografijaUredi

  • Anderton, David A. Martin B-57 Night Intruders & General Dynamics RB-57F. Aircraft in Profile, Volume 14. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1974, pp. 1–25. ISBN 0-85383-023-1.
  • Barnes C.H. and D.N. James. Shorts Aircraft since 1900. London: Putnam, 1989. ISBN 0-85177-819-4.
  • Bell, T E. B-57 Canberra Units of the Vietnam War (Osprey Combat Aircraft #85). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing Limited, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84603-971-3.
  • Brzoska, Michael and Frederic S. Pearson. Arms and Warfare: Escalation, De-escalation, and Negotiation. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994. ISBN 0-87249-982-0.
  • Buttler, Tony (2004). British Secret Projects: Fighters and Bombers 1935–1950. Hinckley, Lancastershire, UK: Midland Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85780-179-8.
  • Chant, Christopher. A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware. London: Routledge, 1987. ISBN 0-7102-0720-4.
  • Cohen, Michael Joseph. Fighting World War Three from the Middle East: Allied Contingency Plans, 1945–1954. London: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 0-7146-4720-9.
  • Geiger, Till. Britain and the Economic Problem of the Cold War: the Political Economy and the Economic Impact of the British Defence Effort, 1945–1955. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing, 2004. ISBN 0-7546-0287-7.
  • Gunston, Bill. Bombers of the West. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1973, pp. 13–30. ISBN 0-7110-0456-0.
  • Hack, Karl. Defence and Decolonisation in Southeast Asia: Britain, Malaya and Singapore, 1941–1968. London: Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-7007-1303-4.
  • Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore. English Electric Canberra: The History and Development of a Classic Jet. London: Leo Cooper Ltd., 2005. ISBN 1-84415-242-1.
  • Halvorson, Lance. Sixty Years of the Canberra Bomber. Wings, Vol. 61, No. 4, December 2009, pp. 10–19. RAAF Association. Coogee, Australia: Flight Publishing. ISSN 0043-5880.
  • Huertas, Salvador Mafé. Canberras Over the Falklands: Wartime Exploits of a Venerable Jet Bomber. Air Enthusiast, No. 66, November/December 1996, pp. 61–65. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0143-565.
  • Jefford, C.G.(Ed.) The RAF and Nuclear Weapons, 1960–1998. London: Royal Air Force Historical Society, 2001.
  • Jones, Barry. Bomber Command Goes Propless. Aeroplane, Volume 34, Issue 10, October 2006, pp. 83–88.
  • Jones, Barry. A Nice Little Earner." Aeroplane, Volume 34, Issue 10, October 2006, pp. 93–97.
  • Kavic, Lorne J. India's Quest for Security: Defence Policies, 1947–1965. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1967.
  • Kinzey, Bert. F-111 Aardvark in Detail and Scale (Vol. IV). Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers, 1982. ISBN 978-0-85368-512-8.
  • Law, John. Aircraft Stories: Decentering the Object in Technoscience. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8223-2824-0.
  • Lake, Jon. Canberra PR.9: Supreme Reconnaissance Platform. Air International, Vol. 62, No. 3, March 2002, pp. 156–163. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Lake, Jon. EE Canberra in RAF Service: Part One: The Bomber Years. Air International, Vol. 71, No 2, August 2006, pp. 38–43. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Lake, Jon. EE Canberra in RAF Service: Part Two. Air International, Vol. 71, No 3, September 2006, pp. 30–39. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Lake, Jon. Wyton's Cold War Spyplanes: No. 51 Squadron Canberras. International Air Power Review, Volume 1, 2001, pp. 130–137. Norwalk, Connecticut: AirTime Publishing. ISBN 1-880588-33-1. ISSN 1473-9917.
  • Lewis, Peter. British Racing and Record Breaking Aircraft. London: Putnam, 1970. ISBN 0-370-00067-6.
  • Mason, Francis K. (1994). The British Bomber since 1914. London: Putnam. ISBN 9780851778617.
  • Nuñez Padín, Jorge. Fuerzas Aeronavales Canberra BMK.62 & TMK.64 – Serie Fuerza Aerea Nº11. Bahía Blanca, Argentina:, 2006. ISBN n/a.
  • Oliver, David. British Combat Aircraft in Action Since 1945. London: Ian Allen, 1987. ISBN 978-0-7110-1678-1.
  • Paterson, Robert H. Britain's Strategic Nuclear Deterrent: From Before the V-bomber to Beyond Trident. London: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 0-7146-4740-3.
  • Peden, G. C. Arms, Economics and British Strategy: from Dreadnoughts to Hyrdrogen Bombs. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-521-86748-7.
  • Petter-Bowyer, Peter J. H. Winds of Destruction: The Autobiography of a Rhodesian Combat Pilot. Johannesburg, South Africa: 30° South Publishers, 2005. ISBN 0-9584890-3-3.
  • Polmar, Norman (2001). Spyplane: The U-2 History Declassified. Zenith Imprint. ISBN 0-7603-0957-4.
  • Ransom, Stephen and Robert Fairclough. English Electric Aircraft and Their Predecessors. London: Putnam, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-806-2.
  • Stephens, Alan. Power Plus Attitude: Ideas, Strategy and Doctrine in the Royal Australian Air Force, 1921–1991. Canberra, Australia: AGPS Press, 1992. ISBN 0-644-24388-0.
  • van der Aart, Dick. Aerial Espionage. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing ltd., 1985. ISBN 0-906393-52-3.
  • Varble, Derek. The Suez Crisis 1956. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-418-3.
  • Wagner, Paul J. Air Force Tac Recce Aircraft: NATO and Non-aligned Western European Air Force Tactical Reconnaissance Aircraft of the Cold War. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Dorrance Publishing, 2009. ISBN 1-4349-9458-9.
  • Walker, R. A. "The Canberra is 20." Flight International, 8 May 1969, pp. 758–764.
  • Wilson, Stewart (1989). Lincoln, Canberra and F-111 in Australian Service. Weston Creek, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications. ISBN 9780958797832.

Zunanje povezaveUredi

Zunanji video
  Canberra bomber at Avalon Airshow, 2003
  Pathe News report on the Canberra, 1951
  1998 documentary on the Canberra

Predloga:English Electric aircraft