Nadnaravno: razlika med redakcijama

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S pojmom '''nadnaravno''' opisujemo domnevne pojave ali entitete, ki niso podvržene zakonom narave.<ref name="merriam">{{Navedi splet|url=https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supernatural|title=Definition of SUPERNATURAL}}</ref> Ta izraz se pripisuje nefizičnim entitetam, kot so [[Angel|angeli]], [[Demon|demoni]], [[Božanstvo|bogovi]] in [[Duh|duhovi]] . Vključuje tudi sposobnosti, ki jih ta bitja utelešajo ali zagotavljajo, vključno s [[Čarovništvo|čarovnijo]], telekinezo, levitacijo, predznanjem in zunajčutnim zaznavanjem.
 
Čeprav ima izraz "narava" že od antičnega sveta več različnih pomenov, se je izraz "nadnaravno" pojavil v srednjem veku<ref name="Bartlett">{{Navedi knjigo|last=Bartlett|first=Robert|title=The Natural and the Supernatural in the Middle Ages|date=14 March 2008|chapterurl=https://books.google.com/books?id=d9O3PtKMPNsC&pg=PA1|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0521702553|chapter=1. The Boundaries of the Supernatural|pages=1–34}}</ref>, v antičnem svetu pa ni obstajal.<ref name="Oxford">{{Navedi splet|title=Supernatural|url=https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100543199?rskey=wA4CHW&result=20|website=A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion|publisher=Oxford Reference Online - Oxford University Press|format=Online|quote=The ancients had no word for the supernatural any more than they had for nature.}}</ref> Nadnaravno je prisotno v folklornem in [[Religija|verskem]] kontekstu<ref>{{Navedi splet|last=Pasulka|first=Diana|last2=Kripal|first2=Jeffrey|title=Religion and the Paranormal|url=https://blog.oup.com/2014/11/religion-supernatural-paranormal/|website=Oxford University Press blog|publisher=Oxford University Press|date=23 November 2014}}</ref>, lahko pa je prisotno tudi kot razlaga v bolj sekularnih kontekstih, npr. v primerih vraževerja ali prepričanja v paranormalno.<ref name="Halman 2010">{{Navedi knjigo|last=Halman|first=Loek|title=Atheism and Secularity Vol.2: Gloabal Expressions|publisher=Praeger|year=2010|isbn=9780313351839|editor-last=Phil Zuckerman|chapter=8. Atheism And Secularity In The Netherlands|quote="Thus, despite the fact that they claim to be convinced atheists and the majority deny the existence of a personal god, a rather large minority of the Dutch convinced atheists believe in a supernatural power!" (e.g. telepathy, reincarnation, life after death, and heaven)}}</ref>
 
Filozofija naturalizma trdi, da so vsi [[Pojav|pojavi]] znanstveno razložljivi in da nič ne obstaja zunaj naravnega sveta, zato se nadnaravne trditve obravnavajo s [[Skepticizem|skepso]].<ref>{{Navedi splet|title=Naturalism|url=https://iep.utm.edu/naturali/|website=Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy|publisher=University of Tennessee|quote=However, naturalism is not always narrowly scientistic. There are versions of naturalism that repudiate supernaturalism and various types of a priori theorizing without exclusively championing the natural sciences.}}</ref>
 
=== Zgodovina koncepta ===
 
Čeprav ima izraz "narava" že od antičnega sveta več različnih pomenov, se je izraz "nadnaravno" pojavil v srednjem veku<ref name="Bartlett">{{Navedi knjigo|last=Bartlett|first=Robert|title=The Natural and the Supernatural in the Middle Ages|date=14 March 2008|chapterurl=https://books.google.com/books?id=d9O3PtKMPNsC&pg=PA1|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0521702553|chapter=1. The Boundaries of the Supernatural|pages=1–34}}</ref>, v antičnem svetu pa ni obstajal.<ref name="Oxford">{{Navedi splet|title=Supernatural|url=https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100543199?rskey=wA4CHW&result=20|website=A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion|publisher=Oxford Reference Online - Oxford University Press|format=Online|quote=The ancients had no word for the supernatural any more than they had for nature.}}</ref> Nadnaravno je prisotno v folklornem in [[Religija|verskem]] kontekstu<ref>{{Navedi splet|last=Pasulka|first=Diana|last2=Kripal|first2=Jeffrey|title=Religion and the Paranormal|url=https://blog.oup.com/2014/11/religion-supernatural-paranormal/|website=Oxford University Press blog|publisher=Oxford University Press|date=23 November 2014}}</ref>, lahko pa je prisotno tudi kot razlaga v bolj sekularnih kontekstih, npr. v primerih vraževerja ali prepričanja v paranormalno.<ref name="Halman 2010">{{Navedi knjigo|last=Halman|first=Loek|title=Atheism and Secularity Vol.2: Gloabal Expressions|publisher=Praeger|year=2010|isbn=9780313351839|editor-last=Phil Zuckerman|chapter=8. Atheism And Secularity In The Netherlands|quote="Thus, despite the fact that they claim to be convinced atheists and the majority deny the existence of a personal god, a rather large minority of the Dutch convinced atheists believe in a supernatural power!" (e.g. telepathy, reincarnation, life after death, and heaven)}}</ref>
 
== Epistemologija in metafizika ==
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