Cardano (kriptovalutna platforma): razlika med redakcijama

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Platformo so začeli razvijati v letu 2015 in jo je javnosti leta 2017 predstavil [[Charles Hoskinson]], ki je soustanovitelj platform [[Ethereum]] in [[BitShares]].<ref>{{Navedi splet|title=Ethereum Cofounder Says Blockchain Presents 'Governance Crisis'|url=https://fortune.com/2019/04/08/ethereum-cofounder-governance-charles-hoskinson/|accessdate=1. aprila 2020|website=Fortune|language=en}}</ref> <ref name="EthereumCo-founder">{{Navedi splet|date=6. oktober 2017|title=ICOs explained|url=https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/05/how-icos-setting-the-vc-world-ablaze-work.html|accessdate=25. decembra 2018|website=[[CNBC]]|quote="ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson says it has become increasingly more challenging to regulate this new asset class" and "ICO market could crash"}}</ref> <ref name="Forbes_Story">{{Navedi novice|last=Au-Yeung|first=Angel|date=7. februar 2018|title=A Fight Over Ethereum Led A Cofounder To Even Greater Crypto Wealth|url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/angelauyeung/2018/02/07/charles-hoskinson-ethereum-iohk-blockchain-crypto-cryptocurrency/|accessdate=12. julija 2020|work=Forbes Magazine|quote=IOHK's key project: Cardano, a public blockchain and smart-contract platform which hosts the Ada cryptocurrency.}}</ref> Hoskinson pravi, da je Ethereum zapustil po sporu glede ohranjanja neprofitnosti platforme Ethereum. Po odhodu je skupaj s fundacijo Cardano in družbo Emurgo soustanovil podjetje IOHK za inženiring veriženja blokov, ki v sodelovanjus fundacijo Cardano in družbo Emurgo razvija platformo Cardano. Platforma je poimenovana po [[Gerolamo Cardano|Gerolamu Cardanu]], kriptovaluta pa po [[Ada Lovelace|Adi Lovelace]].<ref name="ada lovelace">{{Navedi splet|title=What is Ada?|url=https://cardano.org/what-is-ada/|accessdate=23. oktobra 2020}}</ref>
 
Valuta je prvič nastopila s tržno kapitalizacijo 600 milijonov dolarjev. Do konca leta 2017 je dosegla tržno kapitalizacijo 10 milijard dolarjev in leta 2018 na kratko vrednost 33 milijard dolarjev, preden se je vrednost zaradi splošnega zaostrovanja trga kriptovalut znižala na 10 milijard dolarjev. Po poročanju medijske hiše Mashable Cardano trdi, da premaguje obstoječe težave na kriptovalutnem trgu; predvsem to, da je [[bitcoin]] prepočasen in neprilagodljiv ter da [[ether]] ni varen ali razširljiv. Avtorji Cardano štejejo za kriptovaluto tretje generacije.<ref name="CardanoGeneral">{{Navedi splet|date=24. februar 2018|title=Cardano: a rising cryptocurrency|url=https://mashable.com/2018/02/24/cardano-hoskinson-interview/?europe=true#M7WXfcgYIkq2|accessdate=25. decembra 2018|website=[[Mashable]]|quote=Cardano claims it will solve most of the issues that plague well-established cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum}}><cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://mashable.com/2018/02/24/cardano-hoskinson-interview/?europe=true#M7WXfcgYIkq2 "Cardano: a rising cryptocurrency"]. ''[[Mashable]]''. 24. februar 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">25. decembra</span> 2018</span>. <q>Cardano zatrjuje, da bo odpravil večino težav s starejšima kriptovalutama bitcoin in ether</q></cite></ref>
 
Cardano razvija in oblikuje skupina akademikov in inženirjev.<ref name="FT">{{Navedi splet|date=27. januar 2018|title=Blockchain believers hold fast to a utopian vision|url=https://www.ft.com/content/a12d7476-bc6a-11e6-8b45-b8b81dd5d080|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20181219171156/https://www.ft.com/content/a12d7476-bc6a-11e6-8b45-b8b81dd5d080|archivedate=19. decembra 2018|accessdate=25. decembra 2018|website=[[Financial Times]]|quote="A mathematician, Mr Hoskinson believes blockchain has the potential to reduce society’s need for banks" and "working with a global group of academics" and "freely available online for other developers to use."}}</ref> <ref name="CardanoEU">{{Navedi splet|date=Julij 2018|title=Cryptocurrencies and blockchain|url=https://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/150761/TAX3%20Study%20on%20cryptocurrencies%20and%20blockchain.pdf|accessdate=29. oktobra 2020|website=[[EuropeanEvropski Parliamentparlament]]|quote=What distinguishes Cardano from Ethereum, and from many other cryptocurrencies, is that it is (one of the first) blockchain projects to be developed and designed from a scientific philosophy by a team of leading academics and engineers}}</ref>
 
== Tehnični vidiki ==
Kriptovaluta Ada deluje v platformi Cardano Ada na poravnalni ravni. Ta raven je podobna kot pri [[Bitcoin|bitcoinu]] in beleži transakcije. Druga raven je računska raven. Ta je podobna [[Ether|etherju]] in omogoča izvajanje pametnih pogodb in aplikacij na platformi.<ref name="CardanoGeneral">{{Navedi splet|date=24. februar 2018|title=Cardano: a rising cryptocurrency|url=https://mashable.com/2018/02/24/cardano-hoskinson-interview/?europe=true#M7WXfcgYIkq2|accessdate=25. december 2018|website=[[Mashable]]|quote=Cardano claims it will solve most of the issues that plague well-established cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://mashable.com/2018/02/24/cardano-hoskinson-interview/?europe=true#M7WXfcgYIkq2 "Cardano: a rising cryptocurrency"]. ''[[Mashable]]''. 24. februar 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">25. decembra</span> 2018</span>. <q>Cardano claims it will solve most of the issues that plague well-established cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum</q></cite></ref>
 
Cardano nima [[bel papir|bele knjige]] (predstavitvenega dokumenta). Namesto tega uporablja načale zasnove, nmenjena izboljšanju težav, s katerimi se srečujejo druge kriptovalute, kot so razširljivost, interoperabilnost in skladnost z zakonodajo.<ref name="Deloitte">{{Navedi splet|date=6. maj 2020|title=The Blockchain Galaxy A comprehensive research on distributed ledger technologies|url=https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/it/Documents/financial-services/Deloitte_Blockchain_galaxy.pdf|accessdate=29. oktober 2020|website=[[Deloitte]]|quote=The distinctive feature of Cardano is its “research-first” approach to design.}}</ref> Financira se z [[Začetna ponudba kovancev|začetno ponudbo kovancev]].<ref name="CardanoEU">{{Navedi splet|date=julij 2018|title=Cryptocurrencies and blockchain|url=https://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/150761/TAX3%20Study%20on%20cryptocurrencies%20and%20blockchain.pdf|accessdate=29. oktober 2020|website=[[Evropski parlament]]|quote=What distinguishes Cardano from Ethereum, and from many other cryptocurrencies, is that it is (one of the first) blockchain projects to be developed and designed from a scientific philosophy by a team of leading academics and engineers}}</ref><cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/150761/TAX3%20Study%20on%20cryptocurrencies%20and%20blockchain.pdf "Cryptocurrencies and blockchain"] <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span>. ''[[Evropski parlament|European Parliament]]''. julij 2018<span class="reference-accessdate">. Pridobljeno <span class="nowrap">29. oktobra</span> 2020</span>. <q>What distinguishes Cardano from Ethereum, and from many other cryptocurrencies, is that it is (one of the first) blockchain projects to be developed and designed from a scientific philosophy by a team of leading academics and engineers</q></cite></ref>
 
Po mnenju Hoskinsona imajo verige blokov, kot je Cardano, bistveno manjše energetske zahteve kot tiste, ki so povezane z verigami, temelječimi na dokazu o delu, npr. bitcoin (glejte tudi [[Bitcoin|Bitcoin#Poraba energije]]).<ref name="CNBC">{{Navedi splet|date=9. februar 2021|title=Bitcoin's wild ride renews worries about its massive carbon footprint|url=https://www.cnbc.com/2021/02/05/bitcoin-btc-surge-renews-worries-about-its-massive-carbon-footprint.html|accessdate=13. februarja 2021|website=[[CNBC]]|quote=Bitcoin has a carbon footprint comparable to that of New Zealand}}</ref> <ref name="Independent">{{Navedi splet|date=12. februar 2021|title=How bad is Bitcoin for the environment really?|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/bitcoin-environment-mining-energy-cryptocurrency-b1800938.html?utm|accessdate=13. februarja 2021|website=[[The Independent]]|quote=requires nearly as much energy as the entire country of Argentina}}</ref>
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