Parler: razlika med redakcijama

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Redakcija 5451418 uporabnika 93.103.63.207 (pogovor) razveljavljena - skladno z virom
(Redakcija 5451418 uporabnika 93.103.63.207 (pogovor) razveljavljena - skladno z virom)
Oznaka: razveljavitev
| url = {{URL|https://parler.com}}
}}
'''Parler''' je ameriško spletno mesto za [[mikrobloganje]] in [[družbeno omrežje]]. Med uporabniki parlerja so številni privrženci [[Donald Trump|Donalda Trumpa]], [[konservatizem|konservativci]], [[teorija zarote|teoretiki zarote]] in [[desna politika|desničarjidesničarski]] skrajneži.<ref name="Reuters">{{cite web|last1=Culliford|first1=Elizabeth|last2=Paul|first2=Katie|date=June 14, 2019|title=Unhappy with Twitter, thousands of Saudis join pro-Trump social network Parler|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-twitter-saudi-politics-idUSKCN1TE32S|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190627122226/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-twitter-saudi-politics-idUSKCN1TE32S|archive-date=June 27, 2019|access-date=June 15, 2019|website=[[Reuters]]}}</ref><ref name="slate">{{cite news|last1=Brownlee|first1=Chip|date=June 14, 2020|title=Saudis Fed Up With Twitter "Censorship" Jump Ship to a Pro-Trump Social Media Site|work=[[Slate (website)|Slate]]|url=https://slate.com/technology/2019/06/thousands-saudi-twitter-users-crash-pro-trump-social-media.html|access-date=June 30, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200625145333/https://slate.com/technology/2019/06/thousands-saudi-twitter-users-crash-pro-trump-social-media.html|archive-date=June 25, 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="BBC-2020-11-09">{{Cite news|last=Sardarizadeh|first=Shayan|date=November 9, 2020|title=Parler 'free speech' app tops charts in wake of Trump defeat|language=en-GB|work=[[BBC News]]|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-54873800|url-status=live|access-date=November 10, 2020|archive-date=November 9, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201109235624/https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-54873800}}</ref><ref name="ADL-2020-11">{{Cite web|date=November 12, 2020|title=Parler: Where the Mainstream Mingles with the Extreme|url=https://www.adl.org/blog/parler-where-the-mainstream-mingles-with-the-extreme|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201114212320/https://www.adl.org/blog/parler-where-the-mainstream-mingles-with-the-extreme|archive-date=November 14, 2020|access-date=November 14, 2020|website=[[Anti-Defamation League]]|language=en}}</ref><ref name="forward" /> Tamkajšnje objave pogosto vsebujejo [[skrajno desna politika|skrajno desno]] vsebino,{{refn|name="far-right-posts"|<ref name="forward" /><ref name="newstatesman">{{Cite web|last=Manavis|first=Sarah|date=June 23, 2020|title=What is Parler? Inside the pro-Trump "unbiased" platform|url=https://www.newstatesman.com/science-tech/social-media/2020/06/parler-trump-platform-katie-hopkins-social-media-twitter-alt-right|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200625160427/https://www.newstatesman.com/science-tech/social-media/2020/06/parler-trump-platform-katie-hopkins-social-media-twitter-alt-right|archive-date=June 25, 2020|access-date=June 26, 2020|website=[[New Statesman]]}}</ref><ref name="bulwark">{{Cite web|last1=Miller|first1=Tim|last2=Yoest|first2=Hannah|date=June 26, 2020|title=The Gross Hellscape That Awaits Ted Cruz on Parler|url=https://thebulwark.com/the-gross-hellscape-that-awaits-ted-cruz-on-parler/|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201109130353/https://thebulwark.com/the-gross-hellscape-that-awaits-ted-cruz-on-parler/|archive-date=November 9, 2020|access-date=November 7, 2020|website=[[The Bulwark]]|language=en-US}}</ref><ref name="Silverman-HoustonChronicle">{{Cite web|last=Silverman|first=Dwight|date=November 12, 2020|title=5 things to know about Parler, the right-wing-friendly social network|url=https://www.houstonchronicle.com/techburger/article/5-things-to-know-about-Parler-the-15720637.php|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201114212319/https://www.houstonchronicle.com/techburger/article/5-things-to-know-about-Parler-the-15720637.php|archive-date=November 14, 2020|access-date=November 12, 2020|website=[[The Houston Chronicle]]|language=en-US}}</ref><ref name="independent 2020-06-25"/>}} [[antisemitizem]]{{refn|name="antisemitic-posts"|<ref name="isaac-NYT">{{Cite news|last1=Isaac|first1=Mike|last2=Browning|first2=Kellen|date=November 11, 2020|title=Fact-Checked on Facebook and Twitter, Conservatives Switch Their Apps|language=en-US|work=[[The New York Times]]|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/11/technology/parler-rumble-newsmax.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 13, 2020|issn=0362-4331|archive-date=November 14, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201114212319/https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/11/technology/parler-rumble-newsmax.html}}</ref><ref name="ADL-2020-11"/><ref name="forward" /><ref name="independent 2020-06-25">{{Cite web|last=Smith|first=Adam|date=June 22, 2020|title=What is the right-wing Parler app that MPs and celebrities are joining?|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/parler-app-mps-right-wing-twitter-katie-hopkins-a9579241.html|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200630124918/https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/parler-app-mps-right-wing-twitter-katie-hopkins-a9579241.html|archive-date=June 30, 2020|access-date=August 4, 2020|website=[[The Independent]]|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.capradio.org/articles/2020/12/06/social-media-app-parlers-free-speech-focus-draws-conservatives-and-violent-extremists-experts-say/ |title=Social Media App Parler's 'Free Speech' Focus Draws Conservatives — And Violent Extremists, Experts Say |website=[[KXJZ]] |date=December 6, 2020 |access-date=December 7, 2020 |first=Bert |last=Johnson}}</ref><ref name="newstatesman" /><ref>{{Cite news|date=July 8, 2020|title=A conservative social network that 'rejects fact checkers' gains ground in the US|work=[[Deccan Chronicle]]|agency=[[Agence France-Presse|AFP]]|url=https://www.deccanchronicle.com/technology/in-other-news/080720/no-nipples-or-penises-but-lies-stay-erect-on-this-conservative-social.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 7, 2020|archive-date=November 7, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201107180459/https://www.deccanchronicle.com/technology/in-other-news/080720/no-nipples-or-penises-but-lies-stay-erect-on-this-conservative-social.html}}</ref><ref name="Newhouse-TheConversation">{{Cite web|last=Newhouse|first=Alex|date=November 27, 2020|title=Parler is bringing together mainstream conservatives, anti-Semites and white supremacists as the social media platform attracts millions of Trump supporters|url=http://theconversation.com/parler-is-bringing-together-mainstream-conservatives-anti-semites-and-white-supremacists-as-the-social-media-platform-attracts-millions-of-trump-supporters-150439|access-date=November 27, 2020|website=[[The Conversation (website)|The Conversation]]|language=en}}</ref><ref name="nacogdoches">{{cite web|url=https://www.dailysentinel.com/social_media/article_4aab45f6-615b-5b58-9d01-6b0b2d6e172c.html |title=Parler is filled with coffee shop talk for Nazis |website=[[The Daily Sentinel (Texas)|The Daily Sentinel]] |date=November 18, 2020 |access-date=December 7, 2020 |first=Josh |last=Edwards}}</ref><ref name="houston">{{cite web |url=https://www.chron.com/news/article/I-tried-Parler-the-social-media-app-where-hate-15765465.php |title=I tried Parler, the social media app where hate speech thrives |first=Bryan C. |last=Parker |website=[[Houston Chronicle]] |date=December 1, 2020 |access-date=December 7, 2020 |archive-date=January 10, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210110062033/https://www.chron.com/news/article/I-tried-Parler-the-social-media-app-where-hate-15765465.php |url-status=live }}</ref>}} in teorije zarote, npr. [[QAnon]].{{refn|name="conspiracy-theory-posts"|<ref name="newstatesman" /><ref name="forward" /><ref name="bulwark"/>ite news|last=Sommer|first=Will|date=October 28, 2020|title=Parler Was Pitched as a Conservative Twitter. It's Now a Depository For Hunter Biden Political Porn.|language=en|work=[[The Daily Beast]]|url=https://www.thedailybeast.com/parler-was-pitched-as-a-conservative-twitter-its-now-a-depository-for-hunter-biden-political-porn|url-status=live|access-date=November 8, 2020|archive-date=November 1, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201101051230/https://www.thedailybeast.com/parler-was-pitched-as-a-conservative-twitter-its-now-a-depository-for-hunter-biden-political-porn}}<ref name="SundayTimes">{{Cite news|last=Fortson|first=Danny|date=October 18, 2020|title=Parler — the site where hate speech is free|language=en|work=[[The Sunday Times]]|url=https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/parler-the-site-where-hate-speech-is-free-v8m2znd2d|url-status=live|access-date=November 8, 2020|issn=0140-0460|archive-date=November 9, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201109021315/https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/parler-the-site-where-hate-speech-is-free-v8m2znd2d}}</ref><ref name="BBC-2020-11-09"/><ref name="politico-nguyen">{{cite web|last=DiResta|first=Renee|date=November 23, 2020|title=Right-Wing Social Media Finalizes Its Divorce From Reality|url=https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/11/right-wing-social-media-finalizes-its-divorce-reality/617177/|access-date=December 12, 2020|website=[[The Atlantic]]|language=en-US}}</ref> Novinarji so Parler opisali kot alternativo [[Twitter]]ju, med uporabniki pa so tudi tisti, ki so bili izključeni iz prevladujočih družbenih omrežij ali nasprotujejo njihovim pravilom moderiranja.<ref name="Reuters" /><ref name="forward">{{Cite web|last=Saul|first=Isaac|date=July 18, 2019|title=This Twitter Alternative Was Supposed To Be Nicer, But Bigots Love It Already|url=https://forward.com/news/national/427705/parler-news-white-supremacist-islamophobia-laura-loomer/|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200630205321/https://forward.com/news/national/427705/parler-news-white-supremacist-islamophobia-laura-loomer/|archive-date=June 30, 2020|access-date=August 4, 2020|website=[[The Forward]]}}</ref><ref name=":0">{{Cite web|last1=Di Stefano|first1=Mark|last2=Spence|first2=Alex|last3=Mac|first3=Ryan|date=February 12, 2019|title=Pro-Trump Activists Are Boosting A Twitter App Used By Banned Personalities And It Appears To Have Already Stalled|url=https://www.buzzfeed.com/markdistefano/pro-trump-activists-are-boosting-a-twitter-app-for-banned|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200629194405/https://www.buzzfeed.com/markdistefano/pro-trump-activists-are-boosting-a-twitter-app-for-banned|archive-date=June 29, 2020|access-date=August 4, 2020|website=[[BuzzFeed News]]|language=en}}</ref>
 
Parler, ki je začel delovati avgusta 2018, se trži kot območje [[svoboda govora|svobode govora]] in nepristranska alternativa prevladujočim družbenim omrežjem, kot sta Twitter in [[Facebook]]. Novinarji in uporabniki pa so mu očitali vsebinsko politiko, ki je bolj restriktivna, kot jo prikazuje podjetje, in včasih bolj restriktivna kot pri konkurenci.<ref name=":10">{{Cite web|last=Lerman|first=Rachel|date=July 15, 2020|title=The conservative alternative to Twitter wants to be a place for free speech for all. It turns out, rules still apply.|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/07/15/parler-conservative-twitter-alternative/|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200728230544/https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/07/15/parler-conservative-twitter-alternative/|archive-date=July 28, 2020|access-date=August 4, 2020|website=[[The Washington Post]]|language=en}}</ref><ref name="fortune">{{cite news |last1=Pressman |first1=Aaron |title=Parler is the new Twitter for conservatives. Here's what you need to know |url=https://fortune.com/2020/06/29/what-is-parler-app-social-media-conservatives-who-owns-free-echo-facebook-twitter-verified-faq/ |access-date=June 29, 2020 |work=[[Fortune (revija)|Fortune]] |date=June 29, 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200630123443/https://fortune.com/2020/06/29/what-is-parler-app-social-media-conservatives-who-owns-free-echo-facebook-twitter-verified-faq/ |archive-date=June 30, 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref><ref name="cnbc">{{cite news|last1=Levy|first1=Ari|date=June 27, 2020|title=Trump fans are flocking to the social media app Parler — its CEO is begging liberals to join them|work=[[CNBC]]|url=https://www.cnbc.com/2020/06/27/parler-ceo-wants-liberal-to-join-the-pro-trump-crowd-on-the-app.html|access-date=June 27, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200627175132/https://www.cnbc.com/2020/06/27/parler-ceo-wants-liberal-to-join-the-pro-trump-crowd-on-the-app.html|archive-date=June 27, 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=":8">{{Cite web|last=Cameron|first=Dell|date=June 30, 2020|title=Parler CEO Says He'll Ban Users for Posting Bad Words, Dicks, Boobs, or Poop|url=https://gizmodo.com/parler-ceo-says-hell-ban-users-for-posting-bad-words-d-1844222360|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200701205402/https://gizmodo.com/parler-ceo-says-hell-ban-users-for-posting-bad-words-d-1844222360|archive-date=July 1, 2020|access-date=August 4, 2020|website=[[Gizmodo]]|language=en-us}}</ref><ref name=":6">{{cite news|last1=Hadavas|first1=Chloe|date=July 3, 2020|title=What's the Deal With Parler?|work=[[Slate (revija)|Slate]]|url=https://slate.com/technology/2020/07/parler-free-speech-twitter.html|url-status=live|access-date=July 3, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200703142505/https://slate.com/technology/2020/07/parler-free-speech-twitter.html|archive-date=July 3, 2020}}</ref> Nekaterim levičarskim uporabnikom je Parler prepovedal sodelovanje zaradi izpodbijanja prevladujočih stališč na spletnem mestu, kritiziranja Parlerja ali ustvarjanja [[parodija|parodičnih]] računov.<ref name=":23">{{cite web|last=Wellemeyer|first=James|date=July 3, 2020|title=Conservatives are flocking to a new 'free speech' social media app that has started banning liberal users|url=https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/conservatives-flock-free-speech-social-media-app-which-has-started-n1232844|access-date=December 17, 2020|website=[[NBC News]]|language=en}}</ref>
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