Uporabnik:Matjazgregoric/peskovnik: razlika med redakcijama

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'''James Randi''' (rojen '''Randall James Hamilton Zwinge''') je bil kanadsko-ameriški čarodej in skeptični aktivist<ref name="Higginbotham">{{cite news |first=Adam |last=Higginbotham |title=The Unbelievable Skepticism of the Amazing Randi |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/09/magazine/the-unbelievable-skepticism-of-the-amazing-randi.html?action=click&contentCollection=Magazine&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article |work=[[The New York Times Magazine]] |date=November 7, 2014 |accessdate=November 8, 2014 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141108162548/http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/09/magazine/the-unbelievable-skepticism-of-the-amazing-randi.html?action=click&contentCollection=Magazine&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article |archivedate=November 8, 2014 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name="nyt 1988-07-27">{{cite news |title=Water That Has a Memory? Skeptics Win Second Round |last=Sullivan |first=Walter |authorlink=Walter S. Sullivan |url=https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/27/us/water-that-has-a-memory-skeptics-win-second-round.html |newspaper=[[The New York Times]] |date=July 27, 1988 |accessdate=October 9, 2013 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131113054121/http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/27/us/water-that-has-a-memory-skeptics-win-second-round.html |archivedate=November 13, 2013 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name="nyt 2001-02-17">{{cite news |title=Poof! You're a Skeptic: The Amazing Randi's Vanishing Humbug |first=Patricia |last=Cohen |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/17/arts/17RAND.html |newspaper=The New York Times |date=February 17, 2001 |accessdate=May 5, 2010 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090920070940/http://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/17/arts/17RAND.html |archivedate=September 20, 2009 |df=mdy-all }}</ref>, ki je tekom kariere izpostavljal nadnaravne in [[Psevdoznanost|psevdoznanstvene]] trditve.<ref name="Rodrigues">[[#Rodrigues|Rodrigues 2010]], [https://books.google.com/books?id=OsGuZjYzXdAC&pg=PA271 p. 271]</ref> Randi je soustanovitelj Odbora za skeptične preiskave (CSI), prvotno znan kot Odbor za znanstveno preiskavo zahtevkov paranormalnih snovi (CSICOP). Je tudi ustanovitelj izobraževalne fundacije Jamesa Randija (ang. James Randi Educational Foundation; JREF). Kariero je s psevdonimom Neverjetni Randi (ang. The Amazing Randi) začel kot čarodej, kasneje pa se je odločil, da bo večino svojega časa posvetil preiskovanju nadnaravnih, okultnih in psevdoznanstvenih trditev, ki jih skupno imenuje "woo-woo".<ref name="Randiwoo">{{cite journal |last=Randi |first=James |date=February 9, 2007 |title=More Geller Woo-Woo |journal=Swift |type=Newsletter |accessdate=2016-12-26 |url=http://www.randi.org/jr/2007-02/020209morebrowne.html#i7 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=http://arquivo.pt/wayback/20090710012001/http://www.randi.org/jr/2007-02/020209morebrowne.html#i7 |archivedate=July 10, 2009 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> Randi se je kot čarodej upokojil pri starosti 60 let, kot član fundacije JREF pa pri 87 letih.
 
Čeprav ga pogosto označujejo kot "razkrinkovalca", Randi ni maral konotacij izraza in se je raje opisal kot "preiskovalec".<ref name=westdefense/><ref>{{cite web |url=http://affect.media.mit.edu/milliondollarchallenge/ |title=One-Million-Dollar Challenge |work=MIT Media Lab: Affective Computing Group |publisher=[[Massachusetts Institute of Technology]] |accessdate=October 9, 2013 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110727062223/http://affect.media.mit.edu/milliondollarchallenge/ |archivedate=July 27, 2011 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> V svoji karieri je pisal o nadnaravnih pojavih, skepticizmu ter zgodovini magije in čarodejstva. Bil je pogost gost v televizijskih oddajah, kjer je med drugim famozno razkrinkal goljufivega [[Zdravilstvo|zdravilca]] Petra Poffa.
 
Pred Randijevo upokojitvijo je JREF sponzorirala "Nadnaravni izziv enega milijona dolarjev", v katerem je udeležencem ponudila nagrado v višini enega milijona ameriških dolarjev, če lakho dokažejo kakršnokoli paranormalno, nadnaravno ali okultno moč oz. dogodek, pod testnimi pogoji, o katerih sta se vnaprej dogovorili obe strani.<ref>{{cite web|title=JREF Status|url=http://web.randi.org/home/jref-status|publisher=JREF|accessdate=November 12, 2015|url-status=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170830152145/http://web.randi.org/home/jref-status|archivedate=August 30, 2017|df=mdy-all}}</ref> JREF je Nadnaravni izziv uradno zaključil leta 2015.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://web.randi.org/the-million-dollar-challenge.html |title=The Million Dollar Challenge |accessdate=2015-01-05 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170904164131/http://web.randi.org/the-million-dollar-challenge.html |archivedate=September 4, 2017 |df=mdy-all }} James Randi Educational Foundation</ref> Fundacija še naprej daje donacije neprofitnim skupinam, ki spodbujajo kritično razmišljanje in pogled na svet, ki temelji na dejstvih.
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