Uporabnik:Matjazgregoric/peskovnik: razlika med redakcijama

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'''James Randi''' (rojen '''Randall James Hamilton Zwinge'''; 7. avgust 1928) je kanadsko-ameriški, upokojeni čarodej in skeptični aktivist<ref name="Higginbotham">{{cite news |first=Adam |last=Higginbotham |title=The Unbelievable Skepticism of the Amazing Randi |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/09/magazine/the-unbelievable-skepticism-of-the-amazing-randi.html?action=click&contentCollection=Magazine&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article |work=[[The New York Times Magazine]] |date=November 7, 2014 |accessdate=November 8, 2014 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141108162548/http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/09/magazine/the-unbelievable-skepticism-of-the-amazing-randi.html?action=click&contentCollection=Magazine&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article |archivedate=November 8, 2014 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name="nyt 1988-07-27">{{cite news |title=Water That Has a Memory? Skeptics Win Second Round |last=Sullivan |first=Walter |authorlink=Walter S. Sullivan |url=https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/27/us/water-that-has-a-memory-skeptics-win-second-round.html |newspaper=[[The New York Times]] |date=July 27, 1988 |accessdate=October 9, 2013 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131113054121/http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/27/us/water-that-has-a-memory-skeptics-win-second-round.html |archivedate=November 13, 2013 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name="nyt 2001-02-17">{{cite news |title=Poof! You're a Skeptic: The Amazing Randi's Vanishing Humbug |first=Patricia |last=Cohen |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/17/arts/17RAND.html |newspaper=The New York Times |date=February 17, 2001 |accessdate=May 5, 2010 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090920070940/http://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/17/arts/17RAND.html |archivedate=September 20, 2009 |df=mdy-all }}</ref>, ki je tekom kariere izpostavljal nadnaravne in [[Psevdoznanost|psevdoznanstvene]] trditve.<ref name="Rodrigues">[[#Rodrigues|Rodrigues 2010]], [https://books.google.com/books?id=OsGuZjYzXdAC&pg=PA271 p. 271]</ref> Randi je soustanovitelj Odbora za skeptične preiskave (CSI), prvotno znan kot Odbor za znanstveno preiskavo zahtevkov paranormalnih snovi (CSICOP). Je tudi ustanovitelj izobraževalne fundacije Jamesa Randija (ang. James Randi Educational Foundation; JREF). Kariero je s psevdonimom Neverjetni Randi (ang. The Amazing Randi) začel kot čarodej, kasneje pa se je odločil, da bo večino svojega časa posvetil preiskovanju nadnaravnih, okultnih in psevdoznanstvenih trditev, ki jih skupno imenuje "woo-woo".<ref name="Randiwoo">{{cite journal |last=Randi |first=James |date=February 9, 2007 |title=More Geller Woo-Woo |journal=Swift |type=Newsletter |accessdate=2016-12-26 |url=http://www.randi.org/jr/2007-02/020209morebrowne.html#i7 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=http://arquivo.pt/wayback/20090710012001/http://www.randi.org/jr/2007-02/020209morebrowne.html#i7 |archivedate=July 10, 2009 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> Randi se je kot čarodej upokojil pri starosti 60 let, kot član fundacije JREF pa pri 87 letih.
 
AlthoughČeprav oftenga referredpogosto tooznačujejo as akot "[[debunker]]razkrinkovalca", Randi has said he dislikes the term'sne connotationsmara andkonotacij prefersizraza toin describese himselfraje asopiše ankot "investigatorpreiskovalec".<ref name=westdefense/><ref>{{cite web |url=http://affect.media.mit.edu/milliondollarchallenge/ |title=One-Million-Dollar Challenge |work=MIT Media Lab: Affective Computing Group |publisher=[[Massachusetts Institute of Technology]] |accessdate=October 9, 2013 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110727062223/http://affect.media.mit.edu/milliondollarchallenge/ |archivedate=July 27, 2011 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> HeV hassvoji writtenkarieri aboutje paranormalpisal phenomena,o skepticismnadnaravnih pojavih, andskepticizmu theter historyzgodovini ofmagije in magicčarodejstva. HeBil wasje apogost frequentgost guestv ontelevizijskih ''[[Theoddajah, Tonightkjer Showje Starringmed Johnnydrugim Carson]]'',famozno famouslyrazkrinkal exposing fraudulentgoljufivega [[faith healerZdravilstvo|zdravilca]] [[PeterPetra Popoff]], and was occasionally featured on the television program ''[[Penn & Teller: Bullshit!]]''Poffa.
 
BeforePred Randi'sRandijevo retirement,upokojitvijo je JREF sponsoredsponzorirala the"Nadnaravni [[Oneizziv Millionenega Dollarmilijona Paranormal Challenge]]dolarjev", whichv offeredkaterem aje prizeudeležencem ofponudila onenagrado millionv dollarsvišini USenega tomilijona eligibleameriških applicantsdolarjev, whoče couldlakho demonstratedokažejo evidencekakršnokoli ofparanormalni, anynadnaravni paranormal,ali supernatural,okultno ormoč occultoz. powerdogodek, orpod eventtestnimi underpogoji, o testkaterih conditionssta agreedse tovnaprej bydogovorili bothobe partiesstrani.<ref>{{cite web|title=JREF Status|url=http://web.randi.org/home/jref-status|publisher=JREF|accessdate=November 12, 2015|url-status=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170830152145/http://web.randi.org/home/jref-status|archivedate=August 30, 2017|df=mdy-all}}</ref> TheJREF paranormalje challengeNadnaravni wasizziv officiallyuradno terminatedzaključil by the JREF inleta 2015.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://web.randi.org/the-million-dollar-challenge.html |title=The Million Dollar Challenge |accessdate=2015-01-05 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170904164131/http://web.randi.org/the-million-dollar-challenge.html |archivedate=September 4, 2017 |df=mdy-all }} James Randi Educational Foundation</ref> TheFundacija foundationše continuesnaprej todaje makedonacije grantsneprofitnim toskupinam, non-profitki groupsspodbujajo thatkritično encouragerazmišljanje criticalin thinkingpogled andna asvet, fact-basedki temelji worldna viewdejstvih.
 
==Mladost==
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