Uporabnik:Matjazgregoric/peskovnik: razlika med redakcijama

brez povzetka urejanja
[[File:RandiFork.jpg|thumb|ForkVilica, bentki byjo je ukrivil Randi]]
Though defining himself as a conjuror, Randi began a career as a professional stage magician<ref name="takedown">{{cite web |url=http://www.ted.com/talks/james_randi.html |title=James Randi: Homeopathy, quackery and fraud |date=February 2007 |work=[[TED (conference)|TED]] |publisher=[[Sapling Foundation]] |location=New York |accessdate=April 24, 2010 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110719111508/http://www.ted.com/talks/james_randi.html |archivedate=July 19, 2011 |df=mdy-all }} Randi explained in a February 2007 presentation that he believes the word "magician" implies one who has actual magical abilities, whereas a conjurer is one who uses skills to merely play the part of one.</ref> and [[escapologist]] in 1946. Initially, he presented himself under his real name, Randall Zwinge, which he later dropped in favor of "The Amazing Randi". Early in his career, he performed numerous escape acts from jail cells and safes around the world. On February 7, 1956, he appeared live on [[NBC]]'s ''[[Today (U.S. TV program)|Today]]'' show, where he remained for 104 minutes in a sealed metal coffin that had been submerged in a hotel swimming pool, breaking what was said to be [[Harry Houdini]]'s record of 93 minutes, though Randi calls attention to the fact that he was very much younger than Houdini when the original record was established, in 1926.<ref name="Sinclair">{{cite news |title=Television & radio column |first=Gordon |last=Sinclair |authorlink=Gordon Sinclair |newspaper=[[Toronto Star|Toronto Daily Star]] |date=February 7, 1956}}</ref><ref name="Bryant">{{cite news |title=Handcuffs no problem Toronto-born magician laughs at locksmiths |first=George |last=Bryant |newspaper=Toronto Daily Star |date=June 21, 1956}}</ref>
[[File:James_Randi_demonstrating_'psychic_surgery'_on_ITV_series_"James_Randi,_Psychic_Investigator".jpg|thumb|right|Randi usingleta sleight1991 ofv handsvoji to duplicateoddaji "[[psychic surgery]]" on his [[Open Media]]" seriess forpolaganjem [[ITVrok (TVizvaja network)|ITV]]"vedeževalsko in 1991kirurgijo".]]
Randi gained the international spotlight in 1972 when he publicly challenged the claims of [[Uri Geller]]. He accused Geller of being nothing more than a [[charlatan]] and a [[fraud]] who used standard magic tricks to accomplish his allegedly paranormal feats, and he presented his claims in the book ''[[The Truth About Uri Geller]]'' (1982).<ref name="Taft"/><ref name="Rensberger">{{cite news|first=Boyce|last=Rensberger|title=Magicians Term Israeli 'Psychic' a Fraud|newspaper=The New York Times|page=29|date=December 13, 1975}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=God's Chariot! Science Looks at the New Occult |first=Michael |last=Kernan |authorlink=Michael Kernan |newspaper=The Washington Post |date=June 11, 1978}}</ref>
Randi has appeared on numerous TV shows, sometimes to directly debunk the claimed abilities of fellow guests. In a 1981 appearance on ''[[That's My Line]]'', Randi appeared opposite claimed psychic [[James Hydrick]], who said that he could move objects with his mind and appeared to demonstrate this claim on live television by turning a page in a telephone book without touching it.<ref name="lookatpast">{{cite web |url=http://www.randi.org/jr/2006-09/092206bad.html#i11 |archive-url=http://arquivo.pt/wayback/20090709213130/http://www.randi.org/jr/2006-09/092206bad.html |url-status=dead |archive-date=July 9, 2009 |title=A Look at the Past |last=Randi |first=James |date=September 22, 2006 |work=Swift |publisher=JREF |type=Newsletter |accessdate=September 20, 2013}}</ref> Randi, having determined that Hydrick was surreptitiously blowing on the book, arranged [[Foam peanut|foam packaging peanuts]] on the table in front of the telephone book for the demonstration. This prevented Hydrick from demonstrating his abilities, which would have been exposed when the blowing moved the packaging.<ref>{{citation |title=James Randi exposes James Hydrick |via=YouTube}}</ref> Randi writes that, eventually, Hydrick "confessed everything".<ref name="lookatpast" />
[[File:Randi 1983.jpg|thumb|left|Randi speaksleta at1983 thekot 1983govorec [[na konferenci "Committee for Skeptical Inquiry|"(CSICOP]] Conference) inv BuffaloBuffalu, New York.]]
Randi was awarded a [[John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation|MacArthur Foundation]] [[MacArthur Fellows Program|Fellowship]] in 1986. The fellowship's five-year $272,000 grant helped support Randi's investigations of faith healers, including [[W. V. Grant]], [[Ernest Angley]], and [[Peter Popoff]], whom Randi first exposed on ''The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson'' in February 1986. Hearing about his investigation of Popoff, Carson invited Randi onto his show without seeing the evidence he was going to reveal. Carson appeared stunned after Randi showed a brief video segment from one of Popoff's broadcasts showing him calling out a woman in the audience, revealed personal information about her that he claimed came from God, and then performed a laying-on-of-hands healing to drive the devil from her body. Randi then replayed the video, but with some of the sound dubbed in that he and his investigating team captured during the event using a radio scanner and recorder. Their scanner had detected the radio frequency Popoff's wife Elizabeth was using backstage to broadcast directions and information to a miniature radio receiver hidden in Popoff's left ear. That information had been gathered by Popoff's assistants, who had handed out "prayer cards" to the audience before the show, instructing them to write down all the information Popoff would need to pray for them.<ref name="Faith Healers">[[#Randi 1987|Randi 1987]], pp. 139–181</ref><ref name="Heavenly Messages">{{cite news |title=Skeptics' Revelations: Faith Healer Receives 'Heavenly' Messages Via Electronic Receiver, Debunkers Charge |first=John |last=Dart |url=http://articles.latimes.com/1986-05-11/local/me-5518_1_faith-healer |newspaper=[[Los Angeles Times]] |date=May 11, 1986 |accessdate=August 18, 2012 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121015155733/http://articles.latimes.com/1986-05-11/local/me-5518_1_faith-healer |archivedate=October 15, 2012 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name="Randi Debunks Popoff">{{citation |title=James Randi Debunks Peter Popoff Faith Healer |via=YouTube}}</ref>