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{{Infopolje Gora
| Namename = Kilimandžaro
| photo = Mount Kilimanjaro.jpg
| Photo = Kibo_summit_of_Mt_Kilimanjaro_001.JPG
| Captionphoto_caption = Kibo, vrh Kilimandžara
| map = Tanzania#Africa <!--|relief=1-->
| Elevation = 5895&nbsp;m
| map_caption = Lega Kilimandžara v Tanzaniji
| Location = [[Tanzanija]]
| location = severovzhod [[Tanzanija|Tanzanije]]
| Prominence =5885&nbsp;m <small>[[Seznam vrhov po relativni višini|4. mesto]]</small>
| label_position = right
| Coordinates = {{Koord|03|04|33|S|37|21|12|E|region:TZ-09_type:mountain|display=inline,title}}
| elevation_m = 5.895<ref name="Burns2006">{{cite book | author=Cameron M. Burns | title=Kilimanjaro & East Africa: A Climbing and Trekking Guide | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bwZfkrl2ygQC&pg=PA114 | year=2006 | publisher=The Mountaineers Books | isbn=978-0-89886-604-9 | access-date=2016-10-04 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170223165324/https://books.google.com/books?id=bwZfkrl2ygQC&pg=PA114 | archive-date=2017-02-23 | dead-url=no | df= }}</ref>
| Type=[[stratovulkan]]
| elevation_ref = <ref name="TNP"/><ref name="UNESCO"/>
| Age=
| prominence_m = 5.885
| Last eruption=V zapisani zgodovini ga ni bilo
| prominence_ref = <ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=11202 | title=Kilimanjaro | publisher=Peakbagger.com | accessdate=16 August 2012 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120912171331/http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=11202 | archive-date=12 September 2012 | dead-url=no | df=dmy-all }}</ref><br/><small>4. mesto</small><ref>{{cite web | title=World Peaks with 4000 meters of Prominence | url=http://www.peakbagger.com/list.aspx?lid=401 | website=Peakbagger.com | accessdate=8 November 2015 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150930175751/http://www.peakbagger.com/list.aspx?lid=401 | archive-date=30 September 2015 | dead-url=no | df=dmy-all }}</ref>
| First ascent = [[1889]], [[Hans Meyer (geolog)|Hans Meyer]], [[Ludwig Purtscheller]], Johanas Kinjala Lauvo
| listing = {{unbulleted list | [[Najvišji vrhovi po celinah]] | [[Najvišji ognjeniki po celinah]] }}
| Easiest route =[[pešačenje]]
| range = <!-- The [[Eastern Rift mountains]] -->
| Coordinatescoordinates = {{Koordkoord novi|03|04|33|S|37|21|12|E|regiontype:mountain_region:TZ-09_type09_scale:mountain100000|format=dms|display=inline,title}}
| topo = Kilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski<ref name=map>{{cite map | publisher=EWP | title=Kilimanjaro Map and tourist Guide | url=http://maps.ewpnet.com/kilimap.asp | edition=4th | year=2009 | cartography=EWP | scale=1:75,000 with 1:20,000 and 1:30,000 insets | series=EWP Map Guides | isbn=0-906227-66-6 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150717212549/http://maps.ewpnet.com/kilimap.asp | archivedate=2015-07-17 | df= }}</ref>
| coordinates_ref =
| Typetype = [[stratovulkan]]
| age = 3 milijone let
| last_eruption = pred 150.000 do 200.000 leti
| Firstfirst_ascent ascent = [[6. oktober 1889]], - [[Hans Meyer (geologgeologist)|Hans Meyer]], in [[Ludwig Purtscheller]], Johanas Kinjala Lauvo
| Easiesteasiest_route route = [[pešačenje]]
| range_coordinates =
}}
'''Kilimandžáro''' je najvišja [[gora]] v [[Afrika|Afriki]]. Leži v severovzhodni [[Tanzanija|Tanzaniji]], južno od meje s [[Kenija|Kenijo]]. Najvišja točka gore je Uhuru Peak (5895 [[meter|m]]) na robu [[krater]]ja [[ognjenik]]a Kibo. Dva druga vrhova sta ugasla ognjenika: Mawensi (5149 m), ki je za [[Mount Kenya]] tretja najvišja gora v Afriki, ter Shira (3962 m). Ime gore v [[svahili]]ju pomeni »bleščeča se gora«.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/tanzania.htm#PIA03355 | title=Perspective with Landsat Overlay | publisher=California Institute of Technology | work=SRTM TANZANIA IMAGES | accessdate=16. julija 2015}}</ref> Od Evropejcev se je 6. oktobra leta [[1889]] na vrh prvi povzpel Dr. Hans Meyer.<ref>{{cite conference | url=http://icaci.org/files/documents/ICC_proceedings/ICC2003/Papers/110.pdf | title=GERMAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CARTOGRAPHY OF SOUTH WEST AND EAST AFRICA FROM MID 19th CENTURY TO WORLD WAR I | publisher=University of Technology Darmstadt | accessdate=16 July 2015 | author=Demhardt, I.J.}}</ref>
Kilimandžaro sodi med velike [[stratovulkan]]e. Sestavljajo ga trije značilni vulkanski stožci; Kibo, ki je najvišji vrh; Mawenzi, ki doseže nadmorsko višino 5149 m<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.peakware.com/peaks.html?pk=2084 | title=Mawenzi | publisher=Interactive Outdoors, Inc | work=Peakware | accessdate=16. julija 2015}}</ref> in Shira, ki doseže višino 4005 m.<ref name="Kaser">{{cite journal | url=https://www.geo.umass.edu/climate/tanzania/pubs/cullen_etal_2006_grl.pdf | title=Kilimanjaro Glaciers: Recent areal extent from satellite data and new interpretation of observed 20th century retreat rates |author1=Nicolas J. Cullen | author2=Thomas Mölg | author3=Georg Kaser | author4=Khalid Hussein | author5=Konrad Steffen | author6=Douglas R. Hardy | last-author-amp=yes | journal=Geophysical Research Letters | year=2006 | volume=33 | issue=16 | pages=L16502 | doi=10.1029/2006GL027084 | format=PDF | bibcode=2006GeoRL..3316502C}}</ref> Mawenzi in Shira sta ugasla stožca, Kibo pa je [[speči vulkan]], ki bi lahko ponovno izbruhnil.<ref name="NonnottePhilippe">{{cite journal | author1=Nonnotte, Philippe | author2=Hervé Guillou | author3 = Bernard Le Gall | author4 = Mathieu Benoit | author5 = Joseph Cotten | author6 = Stéphane Scaillet | title=New K-Ar age determinations of Kilimanjaro volcano in the North Tanzanian diverging rift, East Africa | journal=Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research | year=2008 | volume=173 | issue=1–2 | pages=99–112 | accessdate=29. julija 2015 | doi=10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.12.042 | url=http://hal.univ-brest.fr/file/index/docid/304458/filename/Nonnotte_et_al.J.Volc.Geoth.Res-08.pdf| bibcode=2008JVGR..173...99N }}</ref> V kraterju so namreč dejavne [[fumarola|fumarole]], znanstveniki pa so leta 2003 ocenili, da je raztaljena [[lava]] vsega 400 m pod površjem kraterja. Čeprav ni ohranjenih pisnih virov o preteklih izbruhih, naj bi se po krajevnem ustnem izročilu zadnji zgodil pred 150-200 leti. Nove ognjeniške dejavnosti v kratkem ne pričakujejo, obstajajo pa bojazni, da bi se ognjenik utegnil sesesti, kar bi povzročilo eksploziven izbruh, podoben tistemu na [[Sveta Helena (ognjenik)|Sveti Heleni]]. Manjša sesedanja in zemeljski plazovi so na Kibu v preteklosti že opazili, eden od njih je ustvaril področje, zdaj znano kot »zahodna veja«.
 
Uhuru Peak je najvišja točka Kiba. [[Tanzania National Parks Authority]]<ref name="TNP">{{cite web|url=http://www.tanzaniaparks.com/kili.html |title=Mount Kilimanjaro National Park |publisher=Tanzania National Parks |work=Tanzania National Parks |accessdate=16. julija 2015 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120923032157/http://www.tanzaniaparks.com/kili.html |archivedate=23. septembra 2012 |df= }}</ref> in [[UNESCO]]<ref name="UNESCO">{{cite web | url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/403 | title=Kilimanjaro National Park | publisher=UNESCO World Heritage Centre | work=World Heritage List | accessdate=16. julija 2015 | archive-date=26 May 2012}}</ref> navajata višino 5895 m. Podatke obe agenciji črpata iz britanskih raziskav Kilimandžara iz leta 1952.<ref name="Digital">{{cite web | url=http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1142/paper12.pdf | title=The New Digital Orthometric Elevation Model of Kilimanjaro | publisher=CEUR Workshop Proceedings | accessdate=16. julija 2015 | author=Pascal Sirguey, Nicolas J. Cullen and Jorge Filipe Dos Santos}}</ref> Novejše meritve so najvišjo točko postavile na nadmorsko višino 5892 m (leta 1999), 5891 m (leta 2008) in 5888 m (leta 2014).<ref name="Digital"/>
 
==Reference==