Petra (Jordanija): Razlika med redakcijama

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(infopolje, dodano)
{{Infobox Historic Site
| name = Petra<br>Raqmu
| image = Petra Jordan BW 21.JPG
| caption = Turisti pred Al Khazneh (zakladnico) v Petri
| location = Ma'an Governorate, [[Jordanija]]
| coordinates = {{coord|30|19|43|N|35|26|31|E|region:JO-MN_type:landmark|display=inline,title}}
| locmapin = Jordan
| built = morda zgodaj v 5. st. pr. n. št. <ref>Browning, Iain (1973, 1982), ''Petra'', Chatto & Windus, London, p. 15, {{ISBN|0-7011-2622-1}}</ref>
| elevation = 810 m
| beginning_label =
| beginning_date =
| architect =
| architecture =
| area = 264 km2<ref name="Petra National Trust site">{{cite web|title=Management of Petra|url=http://petranationaltrust.org/UI/ShowContent.aspx?ContentId=207|publisher=Petra National Trust|accessdate=14 April 2015}}</ref>
| visitation_num = 596.602
| visitation_year = 2014
| governing_body = Petra Region Authority
| embedded =
{{Infobox UNESCO World Heritage Site
|child = yes
|ID = 326
|Year = 1985
|Criteria = kulturno: i, iii, iv
}}
| website = {{URL|http://www.visitpetra.jo|www.visitpetra.jo}}
}}
 
:''Za žensko ime glej [[Petra]]''.
{{coord|30|19|43|N|35|26|31|E|display=title}}
{{Infobox World Heritage Site
| WHS = Petra
| Image = [[File:Petra Jordan BW 21.JPG|200px]]
| caption = Zakladnica v Petri
| State Party = {{JOR}}
| Type = kulturni
'''Petra''' ([[grščina|grško]] petra-πέτρα: ''vklesano v skalo''; [[arabščina|arabsko]]: البتراء, ''Al-Batrāʾ'') je [[arheologija|arheološko]] najdišče v gorovju [[Araba]], v [[Jordanija|jordanskem]] governoratu Ma'an in leži na pobočju gore Hor. Nahaja se v [[depresija (geologija)|depresiji]] med gorami, ki tvorijo vzhodno verigo Arabe (Wadi Araba), velike doline, ki poteka od [[Mrtvo morje|Mrtvega morja]] do [[Akabski zaliv|Akabskega zaliva]]. Petra je svetovno znana po arhitekturnih objektih, izklesanih v skalo. Je tudi ena izmed [[novih sedem čudes sveta]]. Okrog leta [[100 pr. n. št.]] so jo kot svoje glavno mesto ustvarili [[Nabatejci]]. <ref>[http://www.calvin.edu/petra/about/nabataeans.php]</ref>
 
== ViriSklici ==
{{sklici|2}}
<references/>
 
== Zunanje povezaveLiteratura ==
*Bedal, Leigh-Ann (2004). The Petra Pool-Complex: A Hellenistic Paradeisos in the Nabataean Capital. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press. ISBN 1-59333-120-7.
*Brown University. "The Petra Great Temple; History" Accessed April 19, 2013.
*Glueck, Nelson (1959). Rivers in the Desert: A History of the Negev. New York: Farrar, Straus & Cudahy/London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
*Harty, Rosemary. "The Bedouin Tribes of Petra Photographs: 1986–2003". Retrieved 2008-07-17.
*Hill, John E. (2004). The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢 : A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation where Petra is referred to as the Kingdom of Sifu.
*Mouton, Michael and Schmid, Stephen G. (2013) "Men on the Rocks: The Formation of Nabataean Petra"
*Paradise, T. R. (2011). "Architecture and Deterioration in Petra: Issues, trends and warnings" in Archaeological Heritage at Petra: Drive to Development or Destruction?" (Doug Comer, editor), ICOMOS-ICAHM Publications through Springer-Verlag NYC: 87–119.
*Paradise, T. R. (2005). "Weathering of sandstone architecture in Petra, Jordan: influences and rates" in GSA Special Paper 390: Stone Decay in the Architectural Environment: 39–49.
*Paradise, T. R. and Angel, C. C. (2015). Nabataean Architecture and the Sun: A landmark discovery using GIS in Petra, Jordan. ArcUser Journal, Winter 2015: 16-19pp.
*Reid, Sara Karz (2006). The Small Temple. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press. ISBN 1-59333-339-0. Reid explores the nature of the small temple at Petra and concludes it is from the Roman era.
*This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cooke, George Albert (1911). "Petra". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 309–310.
*UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Petra" Accessed April 19, 2013.
 
 
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSY_HZmaYiw Slike Petra v začetku leta 1800s (Video)]
== Zunanje povezave ==
{{commons|Petra}}
{{Commons category|Petra, Jordan}}
{{Wikivoyage}}
*[http://visitpetra.jo/ Petra Archaeological Park]
*[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=heIU6d15bb0 Video overview of Petra]
* [httphttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSY_HZmaYiw Slike Petra vIn začetkuThe letaEarly 1800s (Video)]
*[http://fulbright.uark.edu/departments/geosciences/research/petraproject.php University of Arkansas Petra Project, Accessed 27 March 2017]
*[http://www.smartedaleel.com/allaboutjordan/interactive-jordan/79-interactive-map-of-petra.html Smart e Guide], interactive map of Petra
*[http://opencontext.org/projects/A5DDBEA2-B3C8-43F9-8151-33343CBDC857 Open Context], "Petra Great Temple Excavations (Archaeological Data)", Open Context Publication of Archaeological Data from the 1993–2006 Brown University Excavations at the Great Temple of Petra, Jordan
*[http://www.iconicarchive.ch/sites/overview.php?source=52&term=petra Petra iconicarchive], photo gallery
<!--*[https://web.archive.org/web/20111012172220/http://www.lahistoriaconmapas.com:80/2011/10/petra-la-capital-del-reino-nabateo.html Petra History and Photo Gallery] History with Maps -->
*[http://www.lahistoriaconmapas.com/imperios-reinos/reino-nabateo/petra-la-capital-del-reino-nabateo-nabatean-kingdom-capital/ Petra History and Photo Gallery, Accessed 27 March 2017] History with Maps
*Parker, S., R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies, S. Gillies, J. Becker. "Places: 697725 (Petra)". Pleiades. <http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/697725> [Accessed: March 7, 2012 4:18 pm]
*[http://www.kotipetripaavola.com/Bible_Petra.html Pictures on Petra]
*[http://www.pbase.com/dosseman_jordan/petra Almost 800 pictures with captions, some panoramas]
*[http://www.doa.gov.jo/En/inside.php?src=sublinks&SlID=5194&MlID=5024 Jordanian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities]
*[https://www.check123.com/videos/13303-petra-abandonment Why was Petra abandoned by its inhabitants?] | Check123 Video Encyclopedia
 
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[[Kategorija:Nabateja| ]]
[[Kategorija:Arabska arhitektura]]
[[Kategorija:Jordanija]]
[[Kategorija:Kraji svetovne dediščine v Jordaniji]]
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