Osemnajsta egipčanska dinastija: razlika med redakcijama

(→‎Datiranje: časovnica)
 
Faraoni Osemnajste dinastije so vladali približno 250 let od okoli 1550 do 1298 pr. n. št. Datumi in imena so povzeti po Dodsonu in Hiltonu.<ref>Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, London 2004.</ref> Veliko faranov je bilo pokopanih v [[Dolina kraljev|Dolini kraljev]]Njihove grobnice imajo KV. V Novem kraljestvu je bilo več diplomatskih porok. Hčerke tujih vladarjev so omenjene samo v [[klinopis]]nih besedilih in v nobenih drugih virih. Poroke so bile najverjetneje sklenjene za utrjevanje zavezništev med državami.<ref name=ref10> Grajetzki: ''Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary'', Golden House Publications, London, 2005, ISBN 978-0954721893.</ref>
 
{| class="wikitable" width="100%"
|-
! width="10%" | Slika
! width="14%" | Faraon
! width="14%" | Prestolno ime <br> (prenomen)
! width="14%" | Vladanje
! width="14%" | Pokop
! width="15%" | Soprog/a
! width="15%" | Komentar
|-
| [[File:AhmoseI-StatueHead_MetropolitanMuseum.png|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AhmoseI-StatueHead_MetropolitanMuseum.png|237x237px]]
|[[Ahmoz I.]]|| Nebpehtire || 1549–1524 pr. n. št.|| || Ahmose-Nefertari <br> Ahmose-Henuttamehu <br> Ahmose-Sitkamose
|
|-
| [[File:58_I_Amenhotep_I.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:58_I_Amenhotep_I.jpg|154x154px]]
| [[Amenhotep I.]] || Džeserkare || 1524–1503 pr. n. št.|| KV39 ali grob ANB || Ahmose-Meritamon
|
|-
| [[File:ColossalSandstoneHeadOfThutmoseI-BritishMuseum-August19-08.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ColossalSandstoneHeadOfThutmoseI-BritishMuseum-August19-08.jpg|130x130px]]
|[[Tutmoz I.]] || Aakheperkare || 1503–1493 pr. n. št.|| KV20, KV38 || Ahmose <br> Mutnofret
|
|-
| [[File:Stone_block_with_relief_at_Karnak_Temple_Thutmosis_II.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stone_block_with_relief_at_Karnak_Temple_Thutmosis_II.jpg|frameless|100x100px]]
| [[Tutmoz II.]] || Aakheperenre || 1493–1479 pr. n. št.|| KV42 ? || [[Hačepsut]] <br> Iset
|
|-
| [[File:Hatshepsut.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hatshepsut.jpg|121x121px]]
| [[Hačepsut]] || Maatkare || 1479–1458 pr. n. št.|| KV20 || [[Tutmoz II.]]
|
|-
| [[File:TuthmosisIII-2.JPG|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TuthmosisIII-2.JPG|150x150px]]
| [[Tutmoz III.]] || Menkheper(en)re || 1479–1425 pr. n. št.|| KV34 || Satiah <br> Meritre-Hačapsut<br> Nebtu <br> Menhet, Menvi in Merti
|
|-
| [[File:Amenhotep_II.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amenhotep_II.jpg|111x111px]]
| [[Amenhotep II.]] || Aakheperure || 1425–1398 pr. n. št.|| KV35 || Tiaa
|
|-
| [[File:Louvre_Museum_(7465530452).jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louvre_Museum_(7465530452).jpg|100x100px]]
| [[Tutmoz IV.]] || Menkheperure || 1398–1388 pr. n. št.|| KV43 || [[Nefertari]] <br> Iaret <br> Mutemvija <br> hčerka [[Artatama I.|Artatame I. Mitanskega]]
|
|-
| [[File:Amenhotep_iii_british_museum.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amenhotep_iii_british_museum.jpg|133x133px]]
| [[Amenhotep III.]]|| Nebmaatre || 1388–1350 pr. n. št.|| KV22 || Tije<br> Giluhipa Mitanska<br> Taduhipa Mitanska<br> Sitamun<br> Iset Babilonska<ref name="WG" /><br> hčerka Kadaš-Enlila Babilonskega<ref name="WG" /><br> hčerka Tarhundaraduja Arzavskega<ref name="WG" /><br> hčerka vladarja Ammija<ref name="WG" />
|
|-
| |[[File:GD-EG-Caire-Musée061.JPG|frameless|133x133px]]
| [[Ehnaton|Amenhotep IV./Ehnaton]] || Neferkepherure-Waenre || 1351–1334 pr. n. št. || Ehnatonova grobnica || [[Nefretete]] <br> Kija <br> Taduhipa Mitanska <br> hčerka Šatije Enišaškega<ref name="WG" /> <br> Meritaten ? <br> Meketaten ? <br> Ankhesenamun<br>hčerka Burna-Buriaša II. Babilonskega<ref name="WG" />
|
|-
| [[File:Spaziergang_im_Garten_Amarna_Berlin.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spaziergang_im_Garten_Amarna_Berlin.jpg|120x120px]]
| [[Smenkare]] || Ankheperure || 1335–1334 pr. n. št.|| || Meritaton
|
|-
| [[File:NefertitiRelief_SmitingSceneOnBoat-CloseUp.png|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NefertitiRelief_SmitingSceneOnBoat-CloseUp.png|frameless|113x113px]]
| [[Neferneferuaton]]
| Ankheperure || 1334–1332 pr. n. št. || || [[Ehnaton]] ? <br> [[Smenkare]] ?
| običajno identificirana kot kraljica [[Nefertete]]
|-
| [[File:CairoEgMuseumTaaMaskMostlyPhotographed.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TUT-Ausstellung_FFM_2012_47_(7117819557).jpg|133x133px]]
| [[Tutankamon]] || Nebheperure || 1332–1323 pr. n. št.|| KV62 || Ankesenamon
|
|-
| [[File:Opening_of_the_Mouth_-_Tutankhamun_and_Aja-2.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Opening_of_the_Mouth_-_Tutankhamun_and_Aja-2.jpg|185x185px]]
| [[Aj (faraon)|Aj]] || Keperkeperure || 1323–1319 pr. n. št. || KV23 || Ankesenamon <br> Tej
|
|-
| [[File:StatueOfHoremhebAndTheGodHorus-DetailOfHoremheb01_KunsthistorischesMuseum_Nov13-10.jpg|link=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:StatueOfHoremhebAndTheGodHorus-DetailOfHoremheb01_KunsthistorischesMuseum_Nov13-10.jpg|134x134px]]
| [[Horemheb]] || Džeserkeperure-Setepenre || 1319–1292 pr. n. št.|| KV57 || Mutnedžmet <br> Amenija
|
|}
 
==Sklici==
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