Referendum o članstvu Združenega kraljestva v Evropski uniji: Razlika med redakcijama

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[[Slika:United Kingdom EU referendum 2016 area results.svg|700px|right|thumb|250 px|Volilni izidi po volilnih okrajih (zelena – večinski izid za obstanek v EU, modra – večinski izid za izstop iz EU)]]
'''Referendum o članstvu VelikeZdruženega Britanijekraljestva v Evropski uniji''' je bil neobvezujoči [[referendum]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-32810887|title=The UK's EU referendum: All you need to know|date=24. 6. 2016|publisher=BBC}}</ref> ki je potekal v Veliki[[Združeno Britanijikraljestvo|Združenem in Gibraltarjukraljestvu]] 23. junija 2016<ref>{{cite web|title=European Union Referendum Act 2015|url=http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2015/36/section/5|publisher=legislation.gov.uk|accessdate=14. 5. 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |author1=Rowena Mason |author2=Nicholas Watt |author3=Ian Traynor |author4=Jennifer Rankin |url=http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/feb/20/cameron-set-to-name-eu-referendum-date-after-cabinet-meeting |title=EU referendum to take place on 23 June, David Cameron confirms |work=The Guardian |date=20. 2. 2016 |accessdate=2. 2. 2016}}</ref> in na katerem so glasovali o obstanku VelikeZdruženega Britanijekraljestva v Evropski uniji. Večina volivcev (51,9 %) volivcev se je odločila za izstop iz EU.<ref name="auto">{{cite web|url=http://www.theguardian.com/politics/live/2016/jun/23/eu-referendum-result-live-counting-leave-remain-brain-in-europe|title=Brexit: Nicola Sturgeon says second Scottish referendum 'highly likely'|first1=Andrew|last1=Sparrow|first2=Matthew|last2=Weaver|first3=Philip|last3=Oltermann|first4=Adam|last4=Vaughan|first5=Anushka|last5=Asthana|first6=Mark|last6=Tran|first7=Jessica|last7=Elgot|first8=Holly|last8=Watt|first9=Jennifer|last9=Rankin|first10=Henry|last10=McDonald|first11=Maev|last11=Kennedy|first12=Frances|last12=Perraudin|first13=Arthur|last13=Neslen|first14=Lisa|last14=O'Carroll|first15=Nadia|last15=Khomami|first16=Steven|last16=Morris|first17=Pamela|last17=Duncan|first18=Katie|last18=Allen|first19=Severin|last19=Carrell|first20=Rowena|last20=Mason|first21=Helena|last21=Bengtsson|first22=Caelainn|last22=Barr|first23=Simon|last23=Goodley|first24=Libby|last24=Brooks|first25=Graeme|last25=Wearden|first26=Ben|last26=Quinn|first27=Randeep|last27=Ramesh|first28=Nick|last28=Fletcher|first29=Jill|last29=Treanor|first30=Justin|last30=McCurry|first31=Richard|last31=Adams|first32=Josh|last32=Halliday|first33=David|last33=Pegg|first34=Claire|last34=Phipps|first35=Deborah|last35=Mattinson|first36=Peter|last36=Walker|date=24. 6. 2016}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/25/world/europe/britain-brexit-european-union-referendum.html|title=Britain Votes to Leave E.U., Stunning the World|last=Erlanger|first=Steven|date=23 June 2016|newspaper=The New York Times|issn=0362-4331|access-date=24. 6. 2016}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/25/business/international/brexit-financial-economic-impact-leave.html|title=Turbulence and Uncertainty for the Market After 'Brexit'|last=Goodman|first=Peter S.|date=23. 6. 2016|newspaper=The New York Times|issn=0362-4331|access-date=24. 6. 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/06/24/eu-referendum-results-live-brexit-wins-as-britain-votes-to-leave/|title=EU referendum results live: Brexit wins as Britain votes to leave European Union|access-date=24. 6. 2016}}</ref> Glede na izide po deželah so volivci [[Anglija|Anglije]] in [[Wales]]a izglasovali izhod iz EU, medtem ko je bil večinski izid na [[Škotska|Škotskem]] in [[Severna Irska|Severnem Irskem]] v prid obstanku v EU.<ref name="ft2">{{cite web|url=http://www.ft.com/cms/s/06a90f8c-39c0-11e6-a780-b48ed7b6126f,Authorised=false.html?siteedition=uk&_i_location=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2F06a90f8c-39c0-11e6-a780-b48ed7b6126f.html%3Fsiteedition%3Duk&_i_referer=&classification=conditional_standard&iab=barrier-app|title=Scots' backing for Remain raises threat of union's demise|first=Mure|last=Dickie|date=24. 6. 2016|via=Financial Times}}</ref> [[Volilna udeležba]] je bila najvišja po letu 1992, in sicer se je po podatkih britanske volilne komisije referenduma udeležilo 33,5 milijona od 46,5 milijona upravičencev oziroma 72,2 odstotka.<ref>http://www.rtvslo.si/svet/odlocitev-britancev-za-izstop-zamajala-politicni-in-gospodarski-svet/396534, vpogled: 25. 6. 2016.</ref>
 
Po objavi izidov so se finančni trgi odzvali negativno; vrednosti delnic so znatno padle, [[britanski funt]] je v prvih urah po objavi rezultatov izgubil 5 do 10 % vrednosti. Premier [[David Cameron]], ki je sicer zagovarjal obstanek kraljestva v EU, je po objavi izidov napovedal svoj odstop.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/24/politics/david-cameron-resignation-brexit/index.html|title=David Cameron falls on his sword|first=James Masters|last=CNN}}</ref> Škotska vlada je 24. 6. 2016 objavila, da obstaja velika verjetnost, da bo zaradi volilnega izida na Škotskem potekal drugi [[referendum o neodvisnosti Škotske]].<ref name="nbcnews.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/brexit-referendum/scotland-could-seek-independence-again-after-u-k-brexit-vote-n598166|title='Brexit' Triggers New Bid for Scottish Independence}}</ref>
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