Neon: razlika med redakcijama

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Infopolje Element namesto tabele
(ods. Link FA/GA)
(Infopolje Element namesto tabele)
{{Infopolje Element
<!-- Here is a table of data; skip past it to edit the text. -->
|name=neon
{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" align="right" style="margin-left: 0,5em"
|name2=neona
| colspan="2" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" |
|number=10
{| align="center" border="0"
|symbol=Ne
| colspan="2" align="center" | [[fluor]] – '''neon'''
|pronounce=néon
|-
|left=[[fluor]]
| rowspan="3" valign="center" | [[helij|He]]<br />'''Ne'''<br />[[argon|Ar]]&nbsp;&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;
|right=[[natrij]]
|-
|above=[[helij|He]]
| align="center" | [[Slika:Ne-TableImage.png|250px|Ne-TableImage.png]]<br /><div align="right"><small>[[periodni sistem elementov|Celotna tabela]]</small></div>
|below=[[argon|Ar]]
|}
|series=žlahtni plin
|-
|series comment=
! colspan="2" align=center bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font color="blue">Splošno</font>
|group=18
|-
|period=2
| [[Abecedni seznam elementov|Ime]], [[Seznam elementov po znaku|znak]], [[Seznam elementov po atomskem številu|število]]
|block=p
| Neon, Ne, 10
|series color=
|-
|appearance=brezbarvni plin, ki se sveti oranžno-rdeče v visokonapetostnem električnem polju
| [[Kemijska vrsta]]
|image name=Neon discharge tube.jpg
| [[žlahtni plin]]i
|image size=
|-
|image name comment=
| [[skupina periodnega sistema|Skupina]], [[perioda periodnega sistema|perioda]], [[blok periodnega sistema|blok]]
|image name 2=Neon spectra.jpg
| [[element osemnajste skupine|18 (VIIIA)]], [[element druge periode|2]] , [[p-blok|p]]
|image name 2 comment=Spekter neona v vidnem delu
|-
|atomic mass=20,1797
| [[Gostota]], [[Mohsova trdotna lestvica|trdota]]
|atomic mass ref=<ref name="IUPAC">[http://www.ciaaw.org/atomic-weights.htm Standard Atomic Weights 2013]. [[Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights]]</ref>
| 0,8999 [[kilogram na kubični meter|kg/m<sup>3</sup>]] <small>(273 K)</small>, NA
|atomic mass 2=6
|-
|atomic mass comment=
| [[barva|Izgled]]
|electron configuration=&#91;[[Helij|He]]&#93; 2s<sup>2</sup> 2p<sup>6</sup>
| align="center" | brezbarven<br />[[Slika:Ne,10.jpg|125px|]]
|electrons per shell=2, 8
|-
|phase=plin
! colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font color="green">Lastnosti [[atom]]a</font>
|phase comment=
|-
|density gplstp=0,9002
| [[Atomska teža]]
|density gpcm3nrt=
| 20,1797 [[atomska enota mase|a. e. m.]]
|density gpcm3nrt 2=
|-
|density gpcm3mp=
| [[Polmer atoma]] (izračunan)
|density gpcm3bp=1,207
| ni podatka (38) [[pikometer|pm]]
|density gpcm3bp ref=<ref name=CRC>{{cite book
|-
| last1=Hammond|first1=C.R.|title=The Elements, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition| publisher=CRC press | year=2000| page=19 |isbn=0849304814 | url=http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elements.pdf}}</ref>
| [[Kovalentni polmer]]
|melting point K=24,56
| 69 pm
|melting point C=−248,59
|-
|melting point F=−415,46
| [[van der Waalsov polmer]]
|boiling point K=27,104
| 154 pm
|boiling point C=−246,046
|-
|boiling point F=−410,883
| [[Elektronska konfiguracija]]
|triple point K=24,556
| <nowiki>[</nowiki>[[helij|He]]<nowiki>]</nowiki>2[[s-orbitala|s]]<sup>2</sup> 2p<sup>6</sup>
|triple point kPa=43,37
|-
|triple point ref=<ref name="ITS90">{{cite journal | first=H. | last=Preston-Thomas | title=The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) | journal=Metrologia | volume=27 | pages=3–10 | year=1990 | url=http://www.bipm.org/en/publications/its-90.html | doi=10.1088/0026-1394/27/1/002|bibcode=1990Metro..27....3P }}</ref><ref name=b92>{{RubberBible92nd|page=4.122}}</ref>
| [[elektron|e<sup>-</sup>]] na [[energijski nivo]]
|critical point K=44,4918
| 2, 8
|critical point MPa=2,7686
|-
|critical point ref=<ref name=b92/>
| [[oksidacijsko stanje|Oksidacijska stanja]] ([[oksid]])
|heat fusion=0,335
| 0 (neznano)
|heat vaporization=1,71
|-
|heat capacity=20,79<ref>Shuen-Chen Hwang, Robert D. Lein, Daniel A. Morgan (2005). "Noble Gases". Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley. pp. 343–383. doi:10.1002/0471238961.0701190508230114.a01.</ref>
| [[Zgradba mreže]]
|vapor pressure 1=12
| kubična, ploskovno središčna
|vapor pressure 10=13
|-
|vapor pressure 100=15
! colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font color="green">Fizikalne lastnosti</font>
|vapor pressure 1 k=18
|-
|vapor pressure 10 k=21
| [[Agregatno stanje]]
|vapor pressure 100 k=27
| plin ([[magnetizem|nemagneten]])
|vapor pressure comment=
|-
|crystal structure=face-centered cubic
| [[Tališče]]
|oxidation states= '''0'''
| 24,56 [[Kelvin|K]] (-415,5 °[[Fahrenheit|F]])
|number of ionization energies=4
|-
|ionization energy 1=2080,7
| [[Vrelišče]]
|ionization energy 2=3952,3
| 27,07 K (-410,9&nbsp;°F)
|ionization energy 3=6122
|-
|atomic radius=
| [[Molarna prostornina]]
|atomic radius calculated=
| 13,23 [[znanstvena notacija|×]]10<sup>−6</sup> [[kubični meter na mol|m<sup>3</sup>/mol]]
|covalent radius=58
|-
|Van der Waals radius=154
| [[Izparilna toplota]]
|magnetic ordering=[[diamagnetizem|diamagnetik]]
| 1,7326 [[kilojoule na mol|kJ/mol]]
|magnetic ordering ref=<ref>[http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds], in {{RubberBible86th}}</ref>
|-
|electrical resistivity=
| [[Talilna toplota]]
|electrical resistivity at 0=
| 0,3317 kJ/mol
|electrical resistivity at 20=
|-
|thermal conductivity=49,1&times;10<sup>&minus;3</sup>
| [[Parni tlak]]
|thermal conductivity 2=
| NA
|thermal diffusivity=
|-
|thermal expansion=
| [[Hitrost zvoka]]
|thermal expansion at 25=
| 435 [[meter na sekundo|m/s]] pri 273,15 K
|speed of sound=435
|-
|speed of sound comment=(plin, pri&nbsp;0&nbsp;°C)
! colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font color="green">Razne lastnosti</font>
|speed of sound rod at 20=
|-
|speed of sound rod at r.t.=
| [[Elektronegativnost]]
|Young's modulus=
| ni podatka
|Shear modulus=
|-
|Bulk modulus=654
| [[Specifična toplota]]
|Poisson ratio=
| 1030 [[joule na kilogram-kelvin|J/(kg · K)]]
|Mohs hardness=
|-
|Vickers hardness=
| [[Električna prevodnost]]
|Brinell hardness=
| ni podatka
|CAS number=7440-01-9
|-
|isotopes=
| [[Toplotna prevodnost]]
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable | mn=20 | sym=Ne | na=90,48% | n=10 |firstlinks=yes}}
| 0,0493 [[vat na meter-kelvin|W/(m·K)]]
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable | mn=21 | sym=Ne | na=0,27% | n=11 |firstlinks=no}}
|-
{{Infobox element/isotopes stable | mn=22 | sym=Ne | na=9,25% | n=12 |firstlinks=no}}
| 1. [[ionizacijski potencial]]
|isotopes comment=
| 2080,7 kJ/mol
|predicted by=[[William Ramsay]]
|-
|prediction date=1897
| 2. ionizacijski potencial
|discovery and first isolation by=William Ramsay & [[Morris Travers]]<ref>{{cite journal|title=On the Companions of Argon|author= [[William Ramsay|Ramsay, William]], Travers, Morris W.|journal=Proceedings of the Royal Society of London|volume=63|issue=1|pages=437–440|year=1898|doi=10.1098/rspl.1898.0057}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://nautilus.fis.uc.pt/st2.5/scenes-e/elem/e01000.html |title=Neon: History |accessdate=2007-02-27|publisher=Softciências}}</ref>
| 3952,3 kJ/mol
|discovery date=1898
|-
}}
| 3. ionizacijski potencial
| 6122 kJ/mol
|-
| 4. ionizacijski potencial
| 9371 kJ/mol
|-
| 5. ionizacijski potencial
| 12177 kJ/mol
|-
| 6. ionizacijski potencial
| 15238 kJ/mol
|-
| 7. ionizacijski potencial
| 19999,0 kJ/mol
|-
| 8. ionizacijski potencial
| 23069,5 kJ/mol
|-
! colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font color="green">Najstabilnejši izotopi</font>
|-
| colspan="2" |
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" width="100 %"
! [[Izotop|izo]]
! [[pogostost izotopa|NA]]
! colspan="4" width="100 %" | najdaljši [[razpolovna doba|t<sub> 1/2</sub>]] je 3,38 [[minuta|min]] (Ne-24)
|-
| <sup>20</sup>Ne
| '''90,48 %'''
| colspan="4" | Ne je [[stabilni izotop|stabilen]] z 10 [[nevtron]]i
|-
| <sup>21</sup>Ne
| 0,27 %
| colspan="4" | Ne je stabilen z 11 nevtroni
|-
| <sup>22</sup>Ne
| 9,25 %
| colspan="4" | Ne je stabilen z 12 nevtroni
|}
|-
! colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor="#c0ffff" | <font size="-1" color="green">Če ni označeno drugače, so<br /> uporabljene [[enote SI]] in [[standardni pogoji]].</font>
|}
'''Néon''' je [[kemijski element]], ki ima v [[periodni sistem elementov|periodnem sistemu]] simbol '''Ne''' in [[atomsko število]] [[10 (število)|10]]. Ta brezbarvni skoraj [[inertnost|inerten]] [[žlahtni plin]] daje značilen rdečkast sijaj, ko se uporablja v ceveh za vakumsko razelektritev (''vacuum discharge tubes''???) in [[neonska svetilka|neonskih svetilkah]], v zraku pa ga najdemo v sledeh.
 
 
Neon navadno najdemo v [[plin]]ski obliki, v kateri se [[molekula|molekule]] sestojijo iz enega samega [[atom]]a neona. Neon je redki plin, ki ga v [[Zemlja|Zemljinem]] [[ozračje|ozračju]] najdemo 1 delec na 65.000 drugih in ga pridobivajo s podohlajenim zrakom in frakcijsko [[destilacija|destilacijo]] od nastale kriogenske tekočine.
 
==Sklici==
{{sklici|1}}
 
== Zunanje povezave ==