Msvati III.

Msvati III. (rojen kot Makhosetive) kralj Esvatinija; * 19. april 1968, Manzini, Esvatini.[4]

Msvati III.
Ngwenyama
King Mswati III with Obamas cropped.jpg
Kralj Esvatinija
Obdobje vladanja25. april 1986 – danes
Kronanje25. april 1986
PredhodnikSobhuza II.
Zakonec15 žen hkrati
Inkhosikati LaMasango (osma žena)
Potomci36 otrok
HišaDlamini
OčeSobhuza II.
MatiNtfombi Tfwala
Rojstvo19. april 1968({{padleft:1968|4|0}}-{{padleft:4|2|0}}-{{padleft:19|2|0}})[1][2][3] (53 let)
Manzini[d]

Je kralj Esvatinija in vodja svazijske kraljeve družine. Rodil se je v Manziniju v Protektoratu Svazija kralju Sobhuzi II. in eni od njegovih mlajših žena Ntfombi Tfwala.[5] Kot Msvati III., Ingwenyama in kralj Svazija je bil okronan 25. aprila 1986 pri 18 letih in tako postal najmlajši takrat vladajoči monarh na svetu. Skupaj s svojo materjo Ntfombi Tfwala, zdaj kraljico matero (Ndlovukati), vlada državi kot absolutni monarh. Msvati III. je znan po svoji praksi poliginije (čeprav država potrdi vsaj dve ženi) in ima trenutno 15 žena.[6][7] Mswati III. je bil tudi tajno financiran in podpiran s strani vlad Južne Afrike iz obdobja apartheida.[8]

Makhosetijev režim je bil označen kot avtoritaren[9][10] z velikim kultom osebnosti.[11] V času njegove vladavine se je poleg množičnih zaporov in mučenja novinarjev močno povečalo policijsko nasilje.[12][13][14] Leta 2021 zatrl prodemokratične proteste, pri čemer je bilo na desetine protestnikov usmrčenih,[15] poslanci pa aretirani.[16]

SkliciUredi

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. Brockhaus Enzyklopädie
  3. Munzinger Personen
  4. Genealogy:SWAZILAND Arhivirano 19 May 2018 na Wayback Machine., World of Royalty
  5. "King Mswati III is born | South African History Online". Sahistory.org.za. 19 April 1968. Pridobljeno dne 26 April 2014.
  6. Laing, Aislinn (18 September 2013). "King of Swaziland chooses teenager as 15th wife". The Telegraph. London. Pridobljeno dne 2 December 2013.
  7. Bearak, Barry (2008-09-05). "In Destitute Swaziland, Leader Lives Royally". The New York Times (angleščina). ISSN 0362-4331. Pridobljeno dne 2021-07-21.
  8. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report, Volume Two (PDF) (Report). 29 October 1998. str. 528–529. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča (PDF) dne 4 November 2009. Pridobljeno dne 6 October 2020. Individuals were paid to establish relationships and information flow, particularly in Africa. … Project Swaziland is described as follows. "Young King Mswati III took it for granted that, like his father, he would be furnished with the part-time services of an attorney at the expense of the South African government." Pretoria lawyerMr Ernst Penzhorn was employed at an annual fee of around R50 000 to "advise the King generally, accompany him to conferences, draft speeches for him, persuade him not to act in undesirable ways, and protect him from the machinations of undesirable characters".
  9. Khumalo, Thuso. "Eswatini: King Mswati III sitting 'on a powder keg'". Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  10. "King Mswati III, Africa's last absolute monarch, cracks down". TheEconomist. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  11. Redvers, Louise (19 April 2012). "Will the cult of Swazi King Mswati ever end?". BBC. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  12. "A first-hand account of police brutality in Eswatini". aljazeera. 16 August 2021. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  13. "Swaziland journalists harassed, threatened with treason charges over reporting on king". Committee to Protect Journalists. April 30, 2020. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  14. "Eswatini: Two journalists tortured by security forces". Reporters Without Borders. 7 July 2021. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  15. Laterza, Vito. "Can eSwatini's monarchy recover from the ongoing crisis?". Aljazeera. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.
  16. "Eswatini: Authorities must drop trumped-up charges against MP's and release them immediately and unconditionally". Amnesty. July 29, 2021. Pridobljeno dne 18 August 2021.