Karibi

(Preusmerjeno s strani Karibski otoki)

Karibi (nizozemsko Cariben ali Caraïben; francosko Caraïbe ali pogosteje Antilles; špansko: Caribe) so regija Amerik, ki obsega Karibsko morje s pripadajočimi otoki (ti večinoma obdajajo morje) in okolišnimi obalami. Regija leži jugovzhodno od Severne Amerike, vzhodno od Srednje Amerike ter severno in zahodno od Južne Amerike.

Zemljevid sveta z označeno lego Karibov:
modro = Karibsko morje
Srednja Amerika in Karibi
Izsek tektonskih plošč s slike Tectonic plates of the world

Karibske otoke ponekod imenujejo tudi Zahodnoindijski otoki. To ime izvira še iz časov pomorščakov (Krištof Kolumb) in osvajalcev, ki so konec 15. in v začetku 16. stoletja iskali drugo pot proti Indiji, Kitajski in Japonski ter sploh niso niti mislili, da so prišli do nove celine. Verjeli so, da so prišli do prvih otokov na zahodni strani Indije in so otokom dali to ime.

Seznam otokov v KaribihUredi

Zastava Država ali teritorij[1][2][3] Zastava Suverenost Status Površina
(km2)[4]
Prebivalstvo
(2018)[5][6]
Gostota prebivalstva
(za km2)
Glavno mesto
  Antigva in Barbuda   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 7002442000000000000442 700196286000000000096,286 199.1 St. John's
  Bahami[7]   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 700413943000000000013.943 7002385637000000000385,637 24.5 Nassau
  Barbados   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 7002430000000000000430 7002286641000000000286,641 595.3 Bridgetown
  Belize   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 700122966000000000022,966 7002383071000000000383,071 16.4 Belmopan
  Aruba   Kraljevina Nizozemska Sestavna država 7002180000000000000180 7002105845000000000105,845 594.4 Oranjestad
  Bonaire   Kraljevina Nizozemska Posebna mestna uprava Nizozemske 7002294000000000000294 700112093000000000012,093[8] 41.1 Kralendijk
  Sint Eustatius   Kraljevina Nizozemska Posebna mestna uprava Nizozemske 700121000000000000021 70002739000000000002,739[8] 130.4 Oranjestad
  Saba   Kraljevina Nizozemska Posebna mestna uprava Nizozemske 700113000000000000013 70001537000000000001,537[8] 118.2 The Bottom
  Curaçao   Kraljevina Nizozemska Sestavna država 7002444000000000000444 7002162752000000000162,752 317.1 Willemstad
  Sint Maarten   Kraljevina Nizozemska Sestavna država 700134000000000000034 1176.7 Philipsburg
  Saint Martin   Francija Čezmorska skupnost 700154000000000000054 700137264000000000037,264 552.2 Marigot
  Gvadelup   Francija Čezmorski okraj in dežela 70031628000000000001.628 7002399848000000000399,848 246.7 Basse-Terre
  Martinik   Francija Čezmorki okraj 70031128000000000001.128 7002375673000000000375,673 352.6 Fort-de-France
  Saint Barthélemy   Francija Čezmorska skupnost 700121000000000000021 354.7 Gustavia
  Dominikanska republika   Neodvisna Republika 700448671000000000048.671 700110627000000000010,627,141 207.3 Santo Domingo
  Haiti   Neodvisna Republika 700427750000000000027.750 700111123000000000011,123,178 361.5 Port-au-Prince
  Portoriko   Združene države Amerike Commonwealth 70038870000000000008.870 70003039000000000003,039,596 448.9 San Juan
  Deviški otoki Združenih držav   Združene države Amerike Teritorij 7002347000000000000347 7002104680000000000104,680 317.0 Charlotte Amalie
  Britanski Deviški otoki   Združeno kraljestvo Britanski čezmorski teritorij 7002151000000000000151 700129802000000000029,802 152.3 Road Town
Angvila   Združeno kraljestvo Britanski čezmorski teritorij 700191000000000000091 700114731000000000014,731 164.8 The Valley
  Otoki Cayman   Združeno kraljestvo Britanski čezmorski teritorij 7002264000000000000264 700164174000000000064,174 212.1 George Town
  Montserrat   Združeno kraljestvo Britanski čezmorski teritorij 7002102000000000000102 70004993000000000004,993 58.8 Plymouth (Brades)[9]
  Otoki Turks in Caicos[10]   Združeno kraljestvo Britanski čezmorski teritorij 7002948000000000000948 700137665000000000037,665 34.8 Cockburn Town
  Kuba   Neodvisna Socialistična republika 7005109886000000000109.886 700111338000009999911,338,134 102.0 Havana
  Dominika   Neodvisna Parliamentary Republic Democracy 7002751000000000000751 700171625000000000071,625 89.2 Roseau
  Jamajka   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 700410991000000000010.991 70002934000000000002,934,847 247.4 Kingston
  Grenada   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 7002344000000000000344 7002111454000000000111,454 302.3 St. George's
San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés and Providencia   Kolumbija Okraj 7002525000000000000525 700175167000000000075,167 1431 San Andrés
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela   Venezuela Territories 7002342000000000000342 70002154900000999992,155 6.3 Gran Roque
Nueva Esparta   Venezuela Država 70031151000000000001.151 7002491610000000000491,610 427.1 La Asunción
  Trinidad in Tobago   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 70035130000000000005.130 70001389000000000001,389,843 261.0 Port of Spain
  Saint Kitts and Nevis   Neodvisna Zvezna parlamentarna demokracija 7002261000000000000261 700152441000000000052,441 199.2 Basseterre
  Saint Lucia   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 7002539000000000000539 7002181889000000000181,889 319.1 Castries
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   Neodvisna Parlamentarna demokracija 7002389000000000000389 7002110211000000000110,211 280.2 Kingstown
Skupno 7005235667000000000235.667 700743721039000000043.721.039 187.6

Otoki v Karibih se delijo na:

Nekateri avtorji zadnjih treh otokov ne prištevajo poleg.

V širšem smislu h Karibskim otokom štejejo še Bahami in otočji Turks in Caicos, čeprav so, zemljepisno gledano, v Atlantiku.

Zunanje povezaveUredi

Koordinati: 14°31′32″N 75°49′06″W / 14.52556°N 75.81833°W / 14.52556; -75.81833


  1. "SPP Background". CommerceConnect.gov. Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 18 June 2008. Pridobljeno dne 14 November 2010.
  2. "Ecoregions of North America". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Pridobljeno dne 30 May 2011.
  3. "What's the difference between North, Latin, Central, Middle, South, Spanish and Anglo America?". About.com.
  4. Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Pridobljeno dne 14 October 2010. Navedi journal zahteva |journal= (pomoč)
  5. ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Pridobljeno dne November 9, 2019.
  6. ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Pridobljeno dne November 9, 2019.
  7. Since the Lucayan Archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean rather than Caribbean Sea, the Bahamas are part of the West Indies but are not technically part of the Caribbean, although the United Nations groups them with the Caribbean.
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 Population estimates are taken from the Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles. "Statistical information: Population". Government of the Netherlands Antilles. Arhivirano iz prvotnega spletišča dne 1 May 2010. Pridobljeno dne 14 October 2010.
  9. Because of ongoing activity of the Soufriere Hills volcano beginning in July 1995, much of Plymouth was destroyed and government offices were relocated to Brades. Plymouth remains the de jure capital.
  10. Since the Lucayan Archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean rather than Caribbean Sea, the Turks and Caicos Islands are part of the West Indies but are not technically part of the Caribbean, although the United Nations groups them with the Caribbean.